Biological annotations of genes overexpressed in human mature MII oocytes and hESC. Cellular compartment localisation according to Gene Ontology (GO) annotations (A). Statistical comparison of the distribution of GO annotations in the oocytes/hESC signature with the genes underexpressed in oocytes and hESC (B). Gene Ontology categories which differed significantly (p value ≤ 0.01) between oocytes and hESC are shown. Oocyte/hESC gene networks (C). We computed interaction networks from the oocyte/hESC signature. Genes included in the oocyte/hESC signature are in red (the color intensity is proportional to the oocyte/hESC to somatic samples fold change). Genes not found in the signature are in white. In each network, edge types are indicatives: a plain line indicates direct interaction, a dashed line indicates indirect interaction; a line without arrowhead indicates binding only; a line with an arrowhead indicates "acts on". Node types represent different types of molecules: diamond, enzyme; square, cytokine; triangle, phosphatase; and circle, other. Double line edge represents a group or a complex. Validation of microarray data (D). Gene expression of DNMT3A, SMARCA5, PSMA5, PSMA2 were assayed with quantitative RT-PCR (QRT-PCR). The expression of these four selected genes was compared in mature oocytes, hESC and various somatic samples: human fibroblasts (hFF), human breast adenocarcinoma cell line (MCF7), human hepatocellular liver carcinoma cell line (HepG2), endometrial cells (End7) and T-lymphocyte cells (TL) using QRT-PCR. All measurements were performed in duplicate in two separate runs. The relative levels of gene expression of target mRNA was normalized against GAPDH expression. Fold change values are plotted on a log10 scale.