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Table 1 Summary of the representative species and whether they were considered domesticated

From: Molecular evolution of the Bovini tribe (Bovidae, Bovinae): Is there evidence of rapid evolution or reduced selective constraint in Domestic cattle?

Subfamily Bovinae
Tribe Representative species Domesticated Note
Tragelaphini Taurotragus oryx
(Eland)
No Undomesticated
Bovini Syncerus caffer
(African buffalo)
No Undomesticated
Bovini Bubalus bubalis
(Water buffalo)
Yes Domesticated in India and Asia
Bovini Bubalus carabensis
(Swamp buffalo)
Yes Domesticated in East Asia
Bovini Bison bison
(Bison)
No Undomesticated
Bovini Bos grunniens
(Yak)
Yes/No Domesticated in Asia & some wild species still exist
Bovini Bos taurus
(Domestic cow)
Yes Domesticated in Mideast
Bovini Bos javanicus
(Bali cattle)
Yes/No Domesticated in Indonesia & some wild species still exist
Bovini Bos gaurus
(Gaur)
No Some history, but in general considered undomesticated
Bovini Bos frontalis
(Mithan)
Yes May be a domestic version of B. gaurus
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