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Table 4 T values for which the lowest deviance or the lowest mean of squared differences between observed and expected P values were found for various association mapping methods in five plant species.

From: Comparison of mixed-model approaches for association mapping in rapeseed, potato, sugar beet, maize, and Arabidopsis

Mixed-model method deviance MSD deviance MSD deviance MSD
  Rapeseed
  TKW OC OY
K T 0.725 0.350 (0.0068) 0.800 0.475 (0.0006) 0.750 0.400 (0.0011)
Q1K T 0.775 0.700 (0.0039) 0.800 0.425 (0.0007) 0.775 0.700 (0.0011)
Q2K T 0.700 0.825 (0.0009) 0.800 0.850 (0.0007) 0.900 0.900 (0.0128)
PK T 0.725 0.700 (0.0006) 0.800 0.725 (0.0004) 0.750 0.750 (0.0019)
  Potato
  GPR PIR PM
K T 0.525 0.500 (0.0065) 0.625 0.550 (0.0034) 0.475 0.475 (0.0082)
Q1K T 0.600 0.600 (0.0054) 0.625 0.550 (0.0033) 0.475 0.525 (0.0086)
Q2K T 0.600 0.600 (0.0091) 0.625 0.500 (0.0010) 0.625 0.525 (0.0031)
PK T 0.575 0.550 (0.0121) 0.625 0.550 (0.0048) 0.475 0.475 (0.0153)
  Sugar beet
  AN BY CSY
K T 0.575 0.325 (0.0022) 0.475 0.300 (0.0022) 0.475 0.350 (0.0012)
Q1K T 0.575 0.325 (0.0023) 0.450 0.300 (0.0059) 0.475 0.375 (0.0006)
Q2K T 0.475 0.325 (0.0029) 0.475 0.275 (0.0021) 0.575 0.350 (0.0009)
PK T 0.475 0.300 (0.0019) 0.350 0.300 (0.0034) 0.475 0.350 (0.0009)
  Maize
  EH ED DPS
K T 0.575 0.450 (0.0002) 0.575 0.575 (0.0001) 0.600 0.575 (0.0002)
Q1K T 0.575 0.500 (0.0001) 0.725 0.575 (0.0003) 0.600 0.575 (0.0001)
Q2K T 0.875 0.475 (0.0003) 0.725 0.525 (0.0001) 0.600 0.525 (0.0001)
PK T 0.875 0.475 (0.0002) 0.725 0.525 (0.0001) 0.600 0.600 (0.0001)
  Arabidopsis
  FLC FRI LDV
K T 0.875 0.875 (0.0004) 0.825 0.975 (0.0007) 0.875 0.900 (0.0034)
Q1K T 0.875 0.975 (0.0023) 0.875 0.800 (0.0028) 0.875 0.900 (0.0020)
Q2K T 0.875 0.950 (0.0006) 0.875 0.800 (0.0018) 0.875 0.900 (0.0017)
PK T 0.875 0.775 (0.0015) 0.925 0.925 (0.0025) 0.900 0.900 (0.0011)
  1. For the latter measure, the observed mean of squared differences are given in parentheses. For abbreviations of the analyzed traits see Table 2. For a detailed definition of the statistical models and description of the different methods see Materials and Methods.