Yeast growth and metabolic profile response to HMF. Comparisons of cell growth and metabolic profiles of Saccharomyces cerevisiae NRRL Y-12632 between an HMF treatment (30 mM) and an untreated condition. A. Cell growth as measured by OD600 for HMF treated condition (grey circle) and control (open circle). B. Glucose consumption (filled circle) and ethanol conversion (open circle) for HMF treated condition versus glucose (filled square) and ethanol (open square) for control. C. HMF (grey square) and its conversion product furandimethanol (FDM) (open square) for HMF treated condition versus HMF (grey triangle) and FDM (open triangle) for the control.