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Table 3 Taxonomically restricted genes associated with division of labor or glandular specialization

From: Taxonomically restricted genes are associated with the evolution of sociality in the honey bee

Grozinger et al 2007 Queens % Workers % No difference %
Orphan 18 2.71 37 6.88 61 3.24
Hymenoptera 1 0.15 2 0.37 7 0.37
Social-Insect 5 0.75 5 0.93 10 0.53
Hymenoptera-Conserved 5 0.75 4 0.74 17 0.90
Insect 10 1.51 7 1.30 15 0.80
Metazoa 464 69.98 367 68.22 1339 71.22
Other 160 24.13 116 21.56 431 22.93
Total 663   538   1880  
Alaux et al (2009) Nurses % Foragers %   
Orphan 21 2.39 16 3.17   
Hymenoptera 4 0.46 5 0.99   
Social-Insect 4 0.46 5 0.99   
Hymenoptera-Conserved 6 0.68 4 0.79   
Insect 10 1.14 6 1.19   
Metazoa 564 64.16 326 64.68   
Other 270 30.72 142 28.17   
Total 879   504    
  HP Glands %     
Orphan 2 1.89     
Hymenoptera 0 0.00     
Social-Insect 1 0.94     
Hymenoptera-Conserved 1 0.94     
Insect 1 0.94     
Metazoa 57 53.77     
Other 44 41.51     
Total 106