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Table 1 Body characteristics

From: Sex-dimorphism in Cardiac Nutrigenomics: effect of Trans fat and/or Monosodium Glutamate consumption

  Control MSG TFA TFA+MSG P-Value
Body weight (g)      
Male 29.58 ± 2.49 27.89 ± 1.83 34.38 ± 4.05 34.04 ± 5.18 0.500
Female 22.04 ± 1.81* 20.95 ± 1.7** 24.45 ± 2.33* 22.95 ± 1.97* 0.638
Weight change (%)      
Male 58.69 ± 2.51a 45.41 ± 1.83b 79.72 ± 2.3c 75.55 ± 3.18c <.0001
Female 46.15 ± 2.13a*** 37.11 ± 1.84a** 61.7 ± 3.6b*** 45.81 ± 2.8a*** <.0001
Heart Weight (mg)      
Male 127.4 ± 5.28a 144 ± 5.15ab 156.55 ± 3.34b 155 ± 4.96b <.0001
Female 115.2 ± 4.71a 106.36 ± 4.34a*** 144 ± 5.6b 138.5 ± 6.12b* <.0001
Heart: body weight ratio      
Male 4.67 ± 0.2a 5.27 ± 0.04b 4.16 ± 0.13a 4.27 ± 0.2a <.0001
Female 5.38 ± 0.24a* 2.33 ± 0.11b*** 1.96 ± 0.12b*** 5.46 ± 0.31a** <.0001
Tg (mg/dL)      
Male 80.93 ± 7.79a 132.13 ± 12.63b 98.6 ± 11.1ab 112.7 ± 14.87ab 0.024
Female 77.47 ± 5.75a 106.13 ± 5.66ab 123.75 ± 15.5b 94 ± 11.3ab 0.019
Fasting Insulin (μIU/ml)      
Male 7.34 ± 0.43a 12.31 ± 0.95b 9.07 ± 0.64ab 11.44 ± 1.73ab 0.014
Female 7.34 ± 1.3 7.6 ± 1.72* 7.77 ± 1.08 8.9 ± 0.86 0.833
Fasting Glucose (mM)      
Male 2.93 ± 0.59 2.97 ± 0.47 4.24 ± 1.05 3.33 ± 0.78 0.585
Female 2.41 ± 0.31 2.78 ± 0.3 3.27 ± 0.66 2.83 ± 0.36 0.579
HOMA-IR      
Male 0.96 ± 0.08a 1.62 ± 0.07b 1.71 ± 0.14b 1.7 ± 0.09b <.0001
Female 0.79 ± 0.11a 0.93 ± 0.08ab*** 1.13 ± 0.07b** 1.12 ± 0.07ab*** 0.027
T-CHOL (mg/dL)      
Male 119.2 ± 2.92a 118 ± 1.45a 124.67 ± 3.41ab 131.67 ± 1.17b 0.003
Female 121.6 ± 3.86 118 ± 3.97 130 ± 0.94 124 ± 2.97* 0.087
HDL-C (mg/dL)      
Male 59.18 ± 5.34a 69.95 ± 2.53ab 80.8 ± 5.44b 84.53 ± 3.26b 0.002
Female 49.46 ± 3.61a 49.42 ± 4.9a** 72.53 ± 4.24b 36.66 ± 6.57a*** 0.001
  1. abc Uncommon letters indicate difference in means between diet groups within a row (P-value <0.05).
  2. Differences between genders within a diet group for each variable are denoted by *,** and *** for p-values <0.05, <0.01 & <0.001