Proteins upregulated in certain stages, in males or after infection. A) Genes more than 5-fold upregulated in a particular stage based on RNA-seq data from. B) Genes more than 5-fold upregulated in L4 stage males compared to L4 stage hermaphrodites based on RNA-seq data from. C) Genes upregulated in at least one of the five infection scenarios used by. D) Overall fraction of proteins belonging to the various groups defined in this study.