Skip to main content

Table 3 Details of Group II Clostridium botulinum strains analysed

From: Genomic and physiological variability within Group II (non-proteolytic) Clostridium botulinum

Toxin subtype Strain name Isolation details Linked to Outbreak Received from*
Source Location Date
B4 Eklund 17B Pacific sediments USA 1965 no NCIMB
B4 Eklund 2B Pacific sediments USA 1965 no UR
B4 Colworth BL151 Haddock Norway 1960s? no UR
B4 IFR 05/020 Scallops Canada 2005 no IFR
B4 Hobbs FT50 Herring UK 1960s? no UR
B4 CDC 3875 Human stool from botulism case Iceland 1981 yes CDC
B4 CDC 4627 U-1 Whey used to pickle/store blood sausage Iceland 1983 yes CDC
B4 Kapchunka B2 Dried salted whole whitefish [Kapchunka] USA 1981 yes NFPA
B4 Kapchunka B5 Dried salted whole whitefish [Kapchunka] USA 1981 yes NFPA
B4 2129B Unknown France 1950s? ? NFPA
B4 CDC 5900 Human stool from botulism case Italy 1986 yes CDC
B4 ATCC 17844 unknown unknown unknown ? UH
B4 IFR 05/025 Dried egg pasta (Fettucine) UK 2005 no IFR
B4 IFR 05/029 Dried egg pasta (Trucioli) UK 2005 no IFR
E1 Beluga Fermented Beluga whale [Muktuk] USA 1950 yes UR
E3 Foster B96 Smoked fish USA 1960s ? UR
E1 Hazen 36208 Labrador smoked salmon USA 1934 yes NCIMB
E3 Prevot P34 Pond-reared freshwater perch France 1951 no UR
E3 Dolman VH Pickled herring Canada 1949 yes CDC
E1 CDC 7854 Dried salted whole mullet [Faseikh] Egypt 1991 yes CDC
E2 CDC 8073 Human stool from botulism case Alaska, USA 1991 yes CDC
E3 IFR 02/050 unknown UK 2002 No IFR
E3 CB-K-3E Rainbow trout surface Finland 1995 no UH
E6 CB-K-9E Rainbow trout intestines Finland 1995 no UH
E1 CB-K-16E Rainbow trout intestines Finland 1995 no UH
E1 CB-K-18E Lake trout intestines Finland 1995 no UH
E1 CB-K-19E Frozen whitefish roe Finland 1996 no UH
E1 CB-K-23E Burbot intestines Finland 1996 no UH
E1 CB-K-24E Burbot surface Finland 1996 no UH
E6 CB-K-32E Vendace Finland 1996 no UH
E1 CB-K-34E Frozen whitefish roe Finland 1996 no UH
E6 CB-K-36E Vacuum-packed cold smoked rainbow trout Finland 1996 no UH
E1 CB-K-37E Vacuum-packed hot smoked whitefish Finland 1996 no UH
E3 CB-K-40E Vacuum-packed cold smoked rainbow trout Finland 1996 no UH
E1 CB-S-3E Sediment mud Finland 1995 no UH
ENT CB-S-15E Fishfarm sediment Finland 1997 no UH
ENT CB-S-20E Fishfarm sediment Finland 1997 no UH
ENT CB-S-27E Fishfarm sediment Finland 1997 no UH
F6 Eklund 202F Pacific sediments USA 1965 no UR
F6 Hobbs FT10 Atlantic Herring from Moray Firth UK 1970s no UR
F6 Craig 610 Salmon from Columbia River USA 1965 no UR
F6 IFR 06/001 Scallops Canada 2006 no IFR
F6 IFR 06/005 Scallops Canada 2006 no IFR
  1. *Originally from: CDC = C. Hatheway, Centers for Disease Control, USA; IFR = isolated at IFR; NCIMB = National Collection of Industrial, Food and Marine Bacteria, UK; NFPA = V. Scott, National Food Processors Association, USA; UH = M. Lindström, (University of Helsinki, Finland); UR= J. Crowther, Unilever Research, UK.ENT= no toxin gene detected.