Summary of the main findings. The phylogenetic tree represents the evolution of the Nakaseomyces species, using S. cerevisiae as outgroup. Blue numbers indicate the number of genes that are predicted to have been gained at each lineage during the evolution of the Nakaseomyces. Red numbers indicate the yeast genes that have been lost. Species names coloured in red indicate the human pathogens, lighter colouring indicates recently-reported emerging pathogens. Coloured branches can be matched to the corresponding coloured boxes below, which list important events occurring at that lineage in the evolutionary history of Nakaseomyces. (Abbreviations: Ploidy: H: Haplobiontic, D: Diplobiontic; Sexual reproduction: H: homothallic, N.O.: not observed).