Variation in tracheid characteristics and wood properties between compression (CW) and opposite wood (OW) of branches. Ring width, tracheid wall thickness, radial diameter, tangential diameter, coarseness, specific surface, microfibril angle (MFA), wood density and stiffness (modulus of elasticity, MOE) were measured in six wood strips of radiata pine branches using SilviScan 2. Average ring values of each trait were compared between the lower side (CW) and upper side (OW) of the six branches. Tracheid and wood traits in ring 10 representing developing xylem tissues collected for microarray experiments were also compared between CW and OW. Error bars represent the standard deviation of the mean value of each trait. CW and OW variation is statistically significant (P-values ≤ 0.05) except for the two tracheid diameters.