Treatment of HepG2 cells with 2.5 μM 5-aza-dC results in DNA demethylation. Demethylated DNA is cleaved by Hpa II digestion and cannot be amplified; therefore the amount of methylated DNA is reflected in the amount of PCR product. (A) Electropherogram of genomic DNA from untreated HepG2 cells or cells treated with 5-aza-dC; DNA was extracted and digested with Rsa I + Hpa II and subjected to PCR using primers that flank the endogenously methylated Hpa II site at bp -2916 upstream of the ADH1B gene. (B) Quantitation of the PCR products produced in (A) using 2 X PicoGreen® and an ABI PRISM® 7700 Sequence Detection System. The order of the quantitation is the same as the order of the PCR products seen in (A).