Microarray analysis comparing females with males within each strain. Data are shown for the gene expression levels of susceptible Kisumu females vs. males (A) and the permethrin resistant Odumasy females vs. males (B). Each dot represents the mean estimates, fold (M) and p-value (adjusted for multiple testing), for one gene from the complete microarray experiment. Names are shown for genes that are at least two-fold differentially expressed. Underlined names show genes that are common to both the Kisumu female-male and the Odumasy female-male comparison. Horizontal line represents the level of significance α = 0.001, and vertical lines indicate two-fold change threshold. *CYP6Z1 was spotted on the detox chip as both cDNA and 70-mer oligonucleotide probe .