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Table 1 Genomics Funding by Organization and Year, in US$ (millions)

From: Genomics Research: World Survey of Public Funding

Rank Organization 2003 2004 2005 2006 Source
n/a Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) National Institutes of Health (NIH) – GENETICSO $4236 $4535 $4840 $4878 [28]
1 NIH: National Cancer Institute (NCI) + National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) $562 $593 $593 $571 See Tables 2, 3 and text
2 European CommissionJ $459 $462 $466 $468 Personal Communication, Indridi Benediktsson, September 2006
3 European Commission Matching FundsJ $459 $462 $466 $468 Personal Communication, Indridi Benediktsson, September 2006
4 United Kingdom Wellcome TrustO $194 $194 $208 $199 [52, 53]
5 Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Biological and Environmental ResearchO $129 $152 $154 $158 [3336]
6 National Science Foundation (NSF) Biological Sciences DirectorateO $124 $129 $134 $141 Personal Communication, Vernon Ross, April 2007
7 Japan Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT)A $84.5 $99.2 $119 $125 Personal Communication, Kazuko Shinohara, January 2007
8 United Kingdom Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC)A $121 $127 $128 $117 Personal Communication, Clare Nixon, January 2007
9 Genome CanadaA $67.3 $65.7 $71.6 $106 Personal Communication, Genny Cardin, July 2006
10 China (Ministry of Science and Technology, National Natural Science Foundation of China, and Chinese Academy of Sciences)J $80 $80 $80 no report Personal Communication, Anonymous, October 2007
11 Germany Nationales Genomforschungsnetz (NGFN)J $71.6 $61.4 $62.0 $64.8 Personal Communication, Uta Strasser, September 2006
12 Department of Defense (DOD) Congressional Directed Medical Research Programs (CDMRP)O $102 $86.8 $53.5 $54.9 [45]
13 Cancer Research UKA $34.1 $45.2 $48.1 $51.0 Personal Communication, Lynne Davies, January 2007
14 Netherlands Genomics InitiativeJ $48.8 $18.1 $51.7 $45.8 [31, 87, 88]
15 South Korea Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST)J $39.7 $35.0 $41.5 $44.3 Personal Communication, Jeongheui Lim, January 2007
16 United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Agricultural Research ServiceO $32.5 $38.8 $41.9 $43.1 Personal Communication, Peggy DelCollo and Joe Garbarino, November 2006
17 Ireland Higher Education AuthorityJ $34.1 $34.7 $34.5 $34.5 Personal Communication, Sorcha Carthy, August 2006
18 Canada Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC)A $28.2 $30.4 $32.2 $34.1 Personal Communication, Barney Laciak, October 2007
19 Department of Homeland Security (DHS)O $13.4 $25.9 $32.8 $27.2 Personal Communication, Elizabeth George, November 2006
20 Japan Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF)A $17.9 $22.9 $21.7 $21.7 Personal Communication, Kazuko Shinohara, January 2007
21 Canadian Biotechnology Strategy (CBS)A $16.1 $15.9 $15.9 $16.2 [55]
22 Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI)J $15.2 $13.8 $14.3 $15.6 Personal Communication, Sherry White, August 2006
23 Canada National Research Council (NRC) Genomics and Health InitiativeA $18.2 $15.8 $13.4 $15.3 Personal Communication, Gary Fudge, August 2007
24 Japan Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW)A $12.8 $13.8 $18.6 $14.9 Personal Communication, Kazuko Shinohara, January 2007
25 American Cancer SocietyJ $5.95 $6.90 $5.61 $11.9 Personal Communication, Donella Wilson, July 2006
26 Spain Genoma EspanaJ $9.98 $12.1 $13.5 $11.7 Personal Communications, Javier Montero Plata, June and September 2006
27 Australia National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) * $7.54 $6.34 $6.24 $7.65 Personal Communication, Marian Blake, July 2006
28 Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)O $3.85 $4.53 $6.99 $6.95 [37, 38]
29 Department of Defense (DOD) Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Bio/Info/Micro ProgramO $34.0 $13.4 $13.2 $6.5 [4144]
30 South African Medical Research CouncilJ $1.73 $1.84 $2.04 $2.24 Personal Communication, Clive Glass, October 2007
31 Ireland Science FoundationJ $7.41 $7.96 $1.38 $2.24 Personal Communication, Tracy Moloney, September 2006
32 Ireland Health Research BoardJ $1.29 $2.23 $1.50 $1.61 Personal Communication, Gillian Hastings, January 2007
33 South Africa National Research FoundationJ $0.658 $0.560 $0.999 no report Personal Communication, Marna van Rooyen, October 2006
34 Japan Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI)A $0 $4.51 $0 $0 Personal Communication, Kazuko Shinohara, January 2007
  TOTAL $2834 $2878 $2948 $2881  
  1. Genomics research funded, by organization, is shown in millions of US$ per year. The total funding values each year were determined by summing the values from each organization, with the exception of the first row (NIH – Genetics), which is described in the text. Rankings were determined by ordering the 2006 values, where the average of the three previous years was used as a substitute for 2006 values when the actual 2006 data was unavailable. The start of each fiscal year is indicated by the superscript character after each organization, where J = January 1, A = April 1, and O = October 1.
  2. *Although the fiscal year for the Australian government begins July 1, the original data was reported by calendar year.