Phenotypic effects of DpDf segmental aneuploidy in maize. (A) DpDf plants are smaller and are ca. 2 weeks behind in development. (B) DpDf plants display partially necrotic tassels that are shorter and have fewer branches. The main rachis of the tassel tends to be thicker than in wild-type siblings. (C-E) show views of the knots that form on the leaves of DpDf plants. The adaxial surface of the leaf blade (C) shows ectopic ligule formation near the midrib while the abaxial surface (D and E) display knot-like protrusions.