Skip to main content

Table 1 Change in milk fatty acid profiles (g/100 g) in response to 5 % linseed oil treatment or 5 % safflower oil treatment

From: Deep sequencing shows microRNA involvement in bovine mammary gland adaptation to diets supplemented with linseed oil or safflower oil

  Linseed treatment1 Safflower treatment1
FA Day-14 Day + 7 Day + 28 P-value Day-14 Day + 7 Day + 28 P-value
C4:0 2.476 ± 0.324a 0.787 ± 0.108b 0.986 ± 0.184b <0.0001 2.276 ± 0.328a 1.261 ± 0.254ab 0.924 ± 0.105b 0.0034
C6:0 1.93 ± 0.260a 1.647 ± o.247a 0.753 ± 0.147b 0.0001 2.202 ± 0.171a 1.844 ± 0.165a 0.710 ± 0.178b 0.0000
C8:0 0.072 [0.048,0.106]a 0.038 [0.026, 0.057]b 0.022 [0.014, 0.035]b <0.0001 0.077 [0.052, 0.112]a 0.041 [0.028, 0.060]b 0.029 [0.017, 0.051]b 0.0002
C14:0 13.161 ± 1.588a 8.004 ± 1.764b 5.726 ± 1.311b 0.0003 13.626 ± 2.035a 9.572 ± 1.596ab 6.283 ± 1.193b <0.0001
C16:0 34.439 ± 6.052a 14.653 ± 4.656ab 8.502 ± 3.239b <0.0001 31.419 ± 7.018a 13.141 ± 4.504b 15.662 ± 2.835b 0.0002
C17:0 2.809 ± 0.493a 1.643 ± 0.392b 1.157 ± 0.263b 0.0150 2.585 ± 0.660 1.792 ± 382 1.073 ± 0.234 0.0640
C18:0 4.080 ± 1.754 11.540 ± 2.741 3.491 ± 1.353 0.0804 5.430 ± 1.919b 15.916 ± 1.677a 5.923 ± 1.704b 0.0064
C14:1 1.198 [0.555, 2.608]a 0.266 [0.126, 0.561]b 0.107[0.049, 0.232]c <0.0001 1.086 [0.527, 2.238]a 0.274 [0.133, 0.564]b 0.088 [0.041, 0.188]b <0.0001
C14:1 t 0.022[0.015, 0.033] 0.014[0.009, 0.020] 0.010[0.007, 0.015] 0.145 0.024 [0.017, 0.033] 0.015 [0.011, 0.021] 0.013 [0.009, 0.018 0.1140
C18:1n9c 10.940 ± 3.066 13.174 ± 4.403 14.442 ± 3.614 0.4595 8.903 ± 2.167 21.429 ± 3.867 12.637 ± 2.861 0.1133
C18:1n9t 0.191 ± 0.025 0.216 ± 0.024 0.147 ± 0.024 0.8863 0.121 ± 0.033 0.200 ± 0.032 0.137 ± 0.020 0.4986
C18:1n11t 0.023 [0.008, 0.066]b 0.160[0.055, 0.462]a 0.175 [0.061, 0.505]a <0.0001 0.028 [0.010, 0.078]b 0.087 [0.031, 0.241]ab 0.368 [0.128, 1.509]a 0.0003
CLA:9c11t 0.047 [0.032, 0.068]b 0.053 [0.036, 0.076]ab 0.069 [0.047, 0.100]a 0.0347 0.045 [0.022, 0.090] 0.054 [0.027, 0.109] 0.072 [0.035, 0.149] 0.2735
CLA:10t12c 0.014 [0.008, 0.023]b 0.071 [0.042, 0.120]a 0.047 [0.028, 0.080]a <0.0001 0.020 [0.014, 0.029]b 0.034 [0.024, 0.049]a 0.038 [0.026, 0.0562]a 0.0106
C18:2n6cc 0. 064 [0.025, 0.165] 0.186 [0.072, 0.481] 0.051 [0.020, 0.132] 0.1430 0.101 [0.034, 0.303] 0.281 [0.094, 0.840] 0.071 [0.023, 0.223] 0.1080
C18:2n6tt 0.173 [0.062, 0.328]a 0.018 [0.010, 0.032]b 0.030 [0.016, 0.055]b 0.0000 0.219 [0.138, 0.349]a 0.083 [0.052, 0.132]a 0.028 [0.017, 0.046]b 0.0000
C18:3n3 0.068 [0.028, 0.164] 0.164 [0.068, 0.395] 0.249 [0.103, 0.600] 0.0950 0.070 [0.030, 0.162] 0.115 [0.050, 0.266] 0.180 [0.075, 0.431] 0.5620
C20:3n3 0.004 [0.002, 0.008]b 0.014 [0.008, 0.025]ab 0.022 [0.012, 0.041]a <0.0001 0.004 [0.002, 0.007]b 0.006 [0.003, 0.010]ab 0.019 [0.011, 0.034]a 0.0004
C20:5n3 0.007 [0.005, 0.011]b 0.017 [0.012, 0.026]ab 0.019 [0.013, 0.029]a <0.0001 0.007 [0.004, 0.010]b 0.006 [0.004, 0.009]b 0.013 [0.008, 0.020]a 0.043
C22:5n3 0.005 [0.002, 0.009] 0.009 [0.005, 0.018] 0.014 [0.007, 0.027] 0.0760 0.007 [0.003, 0.014] 0.005 [0.003, 0.011] 0.007 [0.003, 0.015] 0.2154
C22:5n6 0.020 [0.012, 0.033] 0.011 [0.007, 0.018] 0.016 [0.010, 0.027] 0.6767 0.010 [0.007, 0.017] 0.015 [0.010, 0.024] 0.013 [0.008, 0.022] 0.7957
  1. Note: 1The mean values of C4:0, C6:0, C14:0, C16:0, C17:0, C18:0, C18:1n9c, C18:1n9t are represented as MEAN ± SEM, while those of C8:0, C14:1, C14:1 t, C18:1n11t, C18:2n6cc, C18:2n6tt, C18:3n3, C20:3n3, C20:5n3, C22:5n3, C22:5n6, CLA:t10c12 and CLA:c9t11 are represented as MEAN (which is back transformed from the mean of logged mean value) with 95 % confidential intervals. a-cFor each treatment, means within a row with different superscripts differ significantly (P < 0.05)