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Table 4 Representative enriched GO terms (Bonferroni-corrected P-value ≤ 0.05) and pathways for sex-biased (Q value ≤0.05) genes

From: Gonadal transcriptomic analysis and differentially expressed genes in the testis and ovary of the Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei)

Enriched GO terms for sex-differentially expressed genes Enriched pathways for sex-differentially expressed genes
GO no. Gene ontology term Corrected p-value Male or female biased Pathway ID Pathway Q-value Male or female biased
Cellular component ko03015 mRNA surveillance pathway 1.85E-14 Male biased
 GO:0005665 DNA-directed RNA polymerase II, core complex 2.59E-05 Male biased ko03013 RNA transport 1.87E-08 Male biased
 GO:0000428 DNA-directed RNA polymerase complex 0.00051 Male biased ko00534 Glycosaminoglycan biosynthesis - heparan sulfate 4.74E-03 Male biased
 GO:0030880 RNA polymerase complex 0.00051 Male biased ko02010 ABC transporters 1.32E-02 Male biased
 GO:0055029 Nuclear DNA-directed RNA polymerase complex 0.00051 Male biased ko00900 Terpenoid backbone biosynthesis 3.49E-02 Male biased
 GO:0005665 DNA-directed RNA polymerase II, core complex 2.59E-05 Male biased ko00190 Oxidative phosphorylation 6.77E-26 Female biased
 GO:0005739 Mitochondrion 2.70E-32 Female biased ko00100 Steroid biosynthesis 4.43E-17 Female biased
 GO:0044429 Mitochondrial part 6.55E-28 Female biased ko01100 Metabolic pathways 2.36E-13 Female biased
 GO:0044455 Mitochondrial membrane part 1.14E-17 Female biased ko00970 Aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis 1.31E-11 Female biased
 GO:0000313 Organellar ribosome 2.49E-17 Female biased ko03030 DNA replication 1.64E-04 Female biased
 GO:0005761 Mitochondrial ribosome 2.49E-17 Female biased ko04350 TGF-beta signaling pathway 2.98E-04 Female biased
 GO:0005746 Mitochondrial respiratory chain 5.51E-17 Female biased ko04962 Vasopressin-regulated water reabsorption 9.56E-04 Female biased
 GO:0005840 Ribosome 8.15E-17 Female biased ko00020 Citrate cycle (TCA cycle) 9.56E-04 Female biased
Molecular function ko04080 Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction 3.11E-03 Female biased
 GO:0003899 DNA-directed RNA polymerase activity 2.30499E-05 Male biased ko04110 Cell cycle 1.23E-02 Female biased
 GO:0034062 RNA polymerase activity 2.30499E-05 Male biased ko03420 Nucleotide excision repair 1.81E-02 Female biased
 GO:0003824 Catalytic activity 3.27116E-05 Male biased ko03008 Ribosome biogenesis in eukaryotes 1.98E-02 Female biased
 GO:0019003 GDP binding 0.00072 Male biased ko00630 Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism 2.28E-02 Female biased
 GO:0004631 Phosphomevalonate kinase activity 0.00119 Male biased ko03010 Ribosome 2.37E-02 Female biased
 GO:0004812 Aminoacyl-tRNA ligase activity 1.13E-16 Female biased ko04964 Proximal tubule bicarbonate reclamation 3.19E-02 Female biased
 GO:0016875 Ligase activity, forming carbon-oxygen bonds 2.12E-16 Female biased     
 GO:0016876 Ligase activity, forming aminoacyl-tRNA and related compounds 2.12E-16 Female biased     
 GO:0003954 NADH dehydrogenase activity 8.17E-15 Female biased     
 GO:0003735 Structural constituent of ribosome 1.47E-12 Female biased     
Biological process
 GO:0008299 Isoprenoid biosynthetic process 3.68E-06 Male biased     
 GO:0006720 Isoprenoid metabolic process 9.90E-05 Male biased     
 GO:0021953 Central nervous system neuron differentiation 0.00023 Male biased     
 GO:0009240 Isopentenyl diphosphate biosynthetic process 0.00033 Male biased     
 GO:0019287 Isopentenyl diphosphate biosynthetic process, mevalonate pathway 0.00033 Male biased     
 GO:0006412 Translation 9.80E-29 Female biased     
 GO:0044249 Cellular biosynthetic process 5.81E-21 Female biased     
 GO:1901576 Organic substance biosynthetic process 2.21E-20 Female biased     
 GO:0009058 Biosynthetic process 9.88E-19 Female biased     
 GO:0044710 Single-organism metabolic process 6.71E-18 Female biased