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Fig. 3 | BMC Genomics

Fig. 3

From: Lactation undernutrition leads to multigenerational molecular programming of hypothalamic gene networks controlling reproduction

Fig. 3

Undernutrition (LUN) from birth to weaning at 21 days of age affects expression of Kisspeptin-signaling related genes in hypothalami of female (a) and male (b) F1 progeny. Expression levels are presented relative to Ppib expression (arbitrary units (AU)) assessed by the real-time RT-PCR. Data are expressed as mean ± SEM. Means with different superscripts differ significantly (small letters – control (CON), capital letters – LUN). Asterisks indicate differences between nutritional protocols for the same day of age (Two-way ANOVA; *, P < 0.05, ***, P < 0.001, ****, P < 0.0001)

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