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Table 4 Identification of the major biological processes of the genes differentially expressed in mammary gland tissuea

From: Supplements of vitamins B9 and B12 affect hepatic and mammary gland gene expression profiles in lactating dairy cows

Biological process Genes
Level 1 Level 2/3 Symbol Fold change
apoptotic process induction of apoptosis CIDEA −1.9
biological adhesion cell adhesion POSTN 1.1
biological regulation regulation of biological process IRX6 1.7
cellular process cell communication POSTN
GPR110
1.1
1.3
developmental process death CIDEA −1.9
ectoderm development IRX6 1.7
mesoderm development POSTN
GPR110
1.1
1.3
system development POSTN
GPR110
IRX6
1.1
1.3
1.7
immune system process antigen processing and presentation MGC126945 −1.5
immune response MGC126945
GPR110
−1.9
1.3
localization transport ATP6V1G3
LOC509034
GPR110
−0.9
−0.6
1.3
metabolic process nucleobase-containing compound metabolic process ATP6V1G3
IRX6
−0.9
1.7
protein metabolic process FUT5 3.6
multicellular organismal process single-multicellular organism process POSTN
GPR110
1.1
1.3
reproduction gamete generation GPR110 1.3
response to stimulus cellular defense response MGC126945 −1.9
immune response MGC126945
GPR110
−1.9
1.3
response to stress GPR110 1.3
Not found   LOC751574
VAV1
LOC614268
SAA2
C10H14orf53
H1FNT
−1.3
−1.2
−0.9
−0.9
1.4
4.9
Unassigned   LOC785756
IDO1
SECTM1
RAB15
−2.1
−1.2
−0.9
2.0
  1. All genes modulated in the mammary tissue by the vitamins treatment, including those that were not found or classified by the Panther system are listed. The Fold Change, as using FlexArray microarray analysis, varies from −1.9 to 4.9 and only significantly (FDR ≤ 0.05) expressed genes (compared to control) are shown
  2. aIdentification of the major biological processes of the genes differentially expressed in mammary tissue following supplementation with vitamin B9 (B9), vitamin B12 (B12) or both vitamins (B9 + B12) as compared to no vitamin treatment (Control)