Skip to main content

Table 1 Genebank entries of the carotenoid metabolic/catabolic pathways genes of Arabidopsis thaliana, Triticum aestivum, Brachypodium distachyon, Oryza sativa and Zea mays

From: The carotenoid biosynthetic and catabolic genes in wheat and their association with yellow pigments

Gene Enzyme A. thaliana T. aestivum B. distachyon O. sativa Z. mais
PSY1 Phytoene synthase 1 At5g17230 EF600063, EF600064 Bradi1g29590 AY445521 AY324431
PSY2 Phytoene synthase 2 At5g17230 DQ642445, DQ642441, BT009537 Bradi4g01100 Os12g43130 AY325302
PSY3 Phytoene synthase 3 - Dibari et al. (2012) Bradi4g37520 Os09g38320 DQ372936
PDS Phytoene desaturase At4g14210 FJ517553, BT009315 Bradi1g72400 AF049356 L39266
Z-ISO cis-zeta-carotene isomerase At1g10830 CV770956, CA501609a Bradi4g08060 Os12g21710 BT036679, GRMZM2G011746
ZDS Zeta-carotene desaturase At3g04870 HQ703015, FJ169496, BT009332 Bradi1g54390 NP_001059145 AAD02462
CRTISO Carotenoid isomerase At1g06820 AK332627 Bradi1g67480 EF417892 FJ765413
LYCB (LCYB) Lycopene β-cyclase At3g10230 JN622196, BT009216 Bradi3g06600 Os02g09750 AY206862
LYCE (LCYE) Lycopene ɛ-cyclase At5g57030 EU649785, EU649786, EU649787 Bradi2g41890 BAC05562 NP_001146840
BCH1 (CHYB1, HYD1) Carotenoid β-ring hydroxylase (β-hydroxylase 1) At4g25700 JX171670, JX171671, JX171672, DR739690 Bradi1g76870 Os03g03370 GRMZM2G382534
BCH2 (CHYB2, HYD2) Carotenoid β-ring hydroxylase (β-hydroxylase 2) At5g52570 JX171673, JX171674, JX171675 Bradi5g19130 Os04g48880 GRMZM2G164318
CYP97A3 (LUT5) Carotenoid β-ring hydroxylase (Cytochrome P450-type monooxygenase CYP97A3) At1g31800 AK335215 Bradi3g55450 Os02g57290 GRMZM5G837869
CYP97C1 (LUT1) Carotenoid ε ring -hydroxylase (Cytochrome P450-type monooxygenase CYP97C1)) At3g53130 BE499228a, CD862311a Bradi3g32690 Os10g39930 GRMZM2G143202
CCD7 (MAX3) Carotene (9,10) cleavage dioxygenase At2g44990 BM137947a Bradi5g17657 Os04g46470 GRMZM2G158657
CCD8 (MAX4) Carotene (13,14) cleavage dioxygenase At4g32810 BQ788859 Bradi2g49670 Os01g38580 GRMZM2G446858
CCD1 (NC5) (5,6) (5′,6′) (9,10) (9′,10′) carotenoid cleavage dioxygenase At3g63520 DR740786a Bradi4g00330 Os12g44310 GRMZM2G057243
CYP711A1 (MAX1) Cytochrome P450-type monooxygenase CYP711A1 At2g26170 CA742365 Bradi3g32690 JX566699 NM_001301569
VDE Violaxanthin de-epoxidase At1g08550 AF265294 Bradi5g07390 Os04g31040 EU956472
ZEP (ABA1) Zeaxanthin epoxidase At5g67030 AF384103 Bradi5g11750 Os04g37619 GRMZM2G127139
NXS Neoxanthin synthase At1g67080 CJ658959 Bradi2g01990 Os01g03750 GRMZM2G121747
NCED4 (CCD4) 9-cis-epoxycarotenoid dioxygenase At4g19170 KP099105 Bradi3g52680 Os02g47510 GRMZM2G110192, GRMZM2G150363
NCED9 (NC2; CCD9) 9-cis-epoxycarotenoid dioxigenase 1 At1g78390 LC077864a Bradi1g58580, XM_003561419 Os07g05940 GRMZM2G417954
ABA2 (SDR) Short-chain alcohol dehydrogenase At1g52340 EMS67256a, AK334048 Bradi1g04320 Os03g59610 GRMZM2G332976
AAO3 Abscisic aldehyde oxidase At2g27150 EMS56969a, AK331622 Bradi1g52740 Os07g18120 NP_001105309
  1. apartial EST sequence