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Table 3 Extraction yields, CGA content, DPPH scavenging effect and antithrombin activity of leaf phenolic-derived extracts from the 20 Cc individuals

From: Impact of novel SNPs identified in Cynara cardunculus genes on functionality of proteins regulating phenylpropanoid pathway and their association with biological activities

Individual Extraction yield (% w/w) CGA content (% w/w extract) DPPH scavenging effect IC50 (μg/mL) Antioxidant activity index (AAI) Antithrombin activity (%)
A1 45.5 0.14 ± 0.00kl 1154.19 ± 53.05b 0.03 21.63 ± 0.31fg
A4 19.3 0.25 ± 0.02ij 351.70 ± 54.22fg 0.10 41.16 ± 5.84ab
B3 40.0 0.15 ± 0.00kl 466.88 ± 23.56cd 0.08 42.85 ± 5.03a
C1 42.5 0.30 ± 0.00gh 386.46 ± 22.312defg 0.09 41.18 ± 5.50ab
D4 6.5 0.23 ± 0.00j 448.80 ± 5.03de 0.08 31.22 ± 1.07cd
E4 41.0 0.78 ± 0.00c 311.67 ± 6.45gh 0.11 29.13 ± 1.60de
G2 40.5 0.51 ± 0.00e 159.14 ± 2.11ij 0.22 21.48 ± 2.50fg
I2 41.7 0.36 ± 0.02f 209.56 ± 10.06i 0.17 37.07 ± 2.71abc
J3 39.0 0.75 ± 0.05c 122.66 ± 7.09jk 0.29 25.77 ± 4.05def
J4 29.9 0.84 ± 0.07b 114.69 ± 0.51jk 0.31 31.66 ± 2.13cd
J5 38.5 1.19 ± 0.04a 47.22 ± 1.80k 0.75 15.69 ± 1.37gh
K3 47.0 0.30 ± 0.00hi 232.30 ± 8.45hi 0.15 28.44 ± 2.86de
M1 47.0 0.34 ± 0.00gh 533.65 ± 64.87c 0.07 36.17 ± 1.37bc
O4 30.2 0.37 ± 0.03f 210.85 ± 11.59i 0.17 32.11 ± 0.59cd
Q5 37.0 0.65 ± 0.02d 44.48 ± 1.09k 0.80 24.74 ± 4.68ef
Y1 40.0 0.11 ± 0.00l 1417.64 ± 66.63a 0.03 14.95 ± 4.21h
Z3 43.6 0.18 ± 0.01k 432.60 ± 87.52def 0.08 24.45 ± 0.58ef
AA1 41.8 0.25 ± 0.00ij 459.22 ± 84.88cde 0.08 27.04 ± 0.77def
AB1 40.0 0.24 ± 0.03j 380.39 ± 32.17efg 0.09 24.82 ± 1.09ef
AC2 6.0 0.35 ± 0.01fg 152.20 ± 7.44ij 0.23 22.98 ± 2.52ef
CGA - - 5.24 ± 0.35 6.77 59.20 ± 0.36
BHA - - 7.27 ± 0.13 4.88 -
Ascorbic acid - - 2.38 ± 0.09 14.89 -
  1. CGA chlorogenic acid, BHA butylated hydroxyanisole
  2. Results correspond to the mean ± standard deviation estimated from two determinations. Means with different letters within the same column are statistically different (P < 0.05)