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Table 4 The information of three significant SNP markers associated with four mineral compounds among the 292 spinach accessions using six statistical models, SMR_Qgene, SMR_tassel, GLM_tassel, MLM_tassel, CMLM_gapit, and EcMLM_gapit. Co, Mn, S, and Zn based on T-tesing at P = 0.05

From: Genetic diversity and association mapping of mineral element concentrations in spinach leaves

Trait   LOD value (−LOG(p)) R-squre (%) MAF
  Qgene Tassel GAPIT Qgene Tassel
Marker SMR SMR GLM MLM cMLM EcMLM SMR SMR GLM MLM
Co AYZV02017730_40 3.74 3.83 2.35 1.98 2.26 1.55 7.00 6.12 3.16 2.78 7.17
Mn AYZV02017730_40 2.06 2.65 2.10 1.15 0.99 0.66 3.20 3.28 2.46 1.17 6.53
S AYZV02017730_40 3.25 3.95 3.09 2.42 2.22 1.47 5.00 5.17 3.83 3.01 6.53
Zn AYZV02017730_40 3.35 3.93 2.63 2.04 1.80 1.19 5.10 5.15 2.98 2.51 6.53
Co AYZV02094133_57 2.07 2.53 1.46 1.27 1.08 0.65 3.90 4.18 1.93 1.78 16.67
Mn AYZV02094133_57 4.04 4.50 3.49 2.16 0.33 0.63 6.20 6.56 4.88 2.98 16.32
S AYZV02094133_57 5.36 6.48 6.15 4.96 3.06 2.46 8.10 9.70 8.95 7.87 16.32
Zn AYZV02094133_57 1.62 2.30 1.99 1.13 0.49 0.17 2.50 3.04 2.35 1.28 16.32
Co AYZV02281036_185 2.29 1.54 1.12 1.06 2.37 1.41 4.30 3.17 2.12 2.23 9.07
Mn AYZV02281036_185 3.12 3.45 3.01 2.88 2.97 1.95 4.80 5.69 4.95 5.14 8.59
S AYZV02281036_185 2.35 2.00 1.70 1.75 1.71 1.35 3.60 3.34 2.78 3.03 8.59
Zn AYZV02281036_185 2.86 2.85 2.60 2.47 3.19 2.76 4.40 4.73 3.97 4.22 8.59