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Table 2 Genes contained in chloroplast genomes (113 genes in total)

From: Chloroplast genome analyses and genomic resource development for epilithic sister genera Oresitrophe and Mukdenia (Saxifragaceae), using genome skimming data

Category Group of gene Name of gene
Self-replication Ribosomal RNA genes rrn4.5a rrn5a rrn16a rrn23a
Transfer RNA genes trnA-UGCa*
trnF-GAA
trnH-GUG
trnL-CAAa
trnN-GUUa
trnR-UCU
trnT-GGU
trnW-CCA
trnC-GCA
trnfM-CAU
trnI-CAUa
trnL-UAA*
trnP-UGG
trnS-GCU
trnT-UGU
trnY-GUA
trnD-GUC
trnG-GCC*
trnI-GAUa*
trnL-UAG
trnQ-UUG
trnS-GGA
trnV-GACa
trnE-UUC
trnG-UCC
trnK-UUU*
trnM-CAU
trnR-ACGa
trnS-UGA
trnV-UAC*
Small subunit of ribosome rps2
rps8
rps15
rps3
rps11
rps16*
rps4
rps12a,b**
rps18
rps7a
rps14
rps19
Large subunit of ribosome rpl2a
rpl22
rpl36
rpl14
rpl23a
rpl16*
rpl32
rpl20
rpl33
RNA polymerase subunits rpoA rpoB rpoC1* rpoC2
Photosynthesis Subunits of photosystem I psaA
psaJ
psaB
ycf3**
psaC psaI
Subunits of photosystem II psbA
psbE
psbJ
psbN
psbB
psbF
psbK
psbT
psbC
psbH
psbL
psbZ
psbD
psbI
psbM
Subunits of cytochrome petA
petL
petB*
petN
petD* petG
Subunits of ATP synthase atpA
atpH
atpB
atpI
atpE atpF*
Large subunit of Rubisco rbcL    
Subunits of NADH
Dehydrogenase
ndhA*
ndhE
ndhI
ndhBa*
ndhF
ndhJ
ndhC
ndhG
ndhK
ndhD
ndhH
Other gene Translational initiation factor infA    
Maturase matK    
Envelope membrane protein cemA    
Subunit of acetyl-CoA accD    
C-type cytochrome
synthesis gene
ccsA    
Protease clpP**    
Unknown function Conserved open reading frames ycf1a (part) ycf2a ycf4  
  1. aTwo gene copies in IRs; b gene divided into two independent transcription units; one and two asterisks indicate one- and two-intron containing genes, respectively