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Table 2 The mean values (SD) of wing geometry and standard morphometric characters calculated for Apis mellifera capensis, A.m. scutellata, and hybrids of the two

From: Population genomics and morphometric assignment of western honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) in the Republic of South Africa

Characters A.m. scutellata A.m. capensis Hybrid F-value P-value
number of ovarioles 5.12a (0.69) 12.76c (0.32) 9.24b (0.8) 53.61 < 0.01
abdomen hair (mm) 0.0002a (0.00) 0.0001c (0.00) 0.0001b (0.00) 84.09 < 0.01
scutellar plate (0–9 scale) 7.86a (0.29) 2.42c (0.13) 5.01b (0.34) 149.57 < 0.01
angle O (degrees) 1.01a (0.007) 1a (0.003) 1a (0.008) 0.21 0.81
forewing length (mm) 0.008a (0.00) 0.008b (0.00) 0.008b (0.00) 13.73 < 0.01
tergite color (0–9 scale) 8.45a (0.18) 5.37c (0.08) 6.94b (0.21) 129.62 < 0.01
forewing 4X 705.38a (5.18) 716.41a (2.4) 706.22a (6.02) 2.69 0.06
forewing 5X 749.32a (5.44) 758.56a (2.52) 748.79a (6.32) 1.91 0.14
forewing 6X 775.10b (4.99) 788.60a (2.32) 786.57ab (5.81) 3 0.05
forewing 6Y 655.17b (7.53) 703.39a (3.5) 688.55a (8.75) 17.08 < 0.01
forewing 7X 794.09a (4.98) 806.24a (2.31) 803.11a (5.8) 2.45 0.08
forewing 8X 797.61a (5.01) 808.47a (2.32) 802.33a (5.82) 2.16 0.11
forewing 15Y 445.63b (7.03) 491.01a (3.26) 468.22b (8.17) 18.56 < 0.01
forewing 16X 1009.21a (4.97) 1015.71a (2.31) 1015.14a (5.78) 0.71 0.49
forewing 16Y 629.11b (7.03) 669.71a (3.26) 649.61ab (8.18) 14.79 < 0.01
forewing 18Y 547.41b (6.97) 587.36a (3.24) 564.68b (8.11) 15.13 < 0.01
forewing 19Y 437.97b (7.07) 477.39a (3.29) 450.20b (8.23) 15.41 < 0.01
hindwing 2X 561.13ab (4.77) 570.35a (2.22) 554.38b (5.55) 4.47 0.01
hindwing 2Y 506.04b (7.2) 546.63a (3.34) 557.79a (8.37) 15.19 < 0.01
hindwing 3X 852.26a (4.85) 857.30a (2.25) 848.77a (5.63) 1.25 0.28
hindwing 5X 1096.02a (4.98) 1096.60a (2.31) 1092.79a (5.79) 0.19 0.83
hindwing 7X 734.21a (5.51) 745.44a (2.56) 736.75a (6.4) 2.19 0.11
hindwing 7Y 664.52b (7.14) 701.16a (3.32) 709.20a (8.31) 12.16 < 0.01
hindwing 8X 1003.83a (5.04) 1008.5a (2.34) 1005.01a (5.86) 0.43 0.64
hindwing 9X 1104.13a (4.95) 1103.73a (2.3) 1098.92a (5.76) 0.32 0.72
hindwing 9Y 549.09b (7.13) 585.29a (3.31) 589.01a (8.29) 11.25 < 0.01
hindwing 10Y 581.94b (7.19) 616.71a (3.34) 614.33a (8.36) 9.7 < 0.01
  1. Row means with the same superscript letters are not significantly different from one another (Tukey’s test, P ≤ 0.05