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Table 3 Population genetic characteristics, determined using 2449 SNP loci, of the honey bees sampled from 28 geographical regions in the Republic of South Africa

From: Population genomics and morphometric assignment of western honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) in the Republic of South Africa

Geographic region N a Ar H obs H exp F IS Np (%)
Apis mellifera scutellata, N = 73 bees       
 BL 1.88 1.52 0.24 0.23 0.04 88.18
 KR 1.87 1.53 0.25 0.23 −0.02 87.03
 PT 1.71 1.48 0.21 0.21 0.003 71.8
 SP 1.73 1.51 0.22 0.22 0.001 73.81
 UP 1.88 1.54 0.25 0.23 0.01 88.1
 Mean 1.81 1.52 0.24 0.22 0.006 87.78
Apis mellifera capensis, N = 337 bees       
 BD 1.6 1.45 0.22 0.19 −0.04 60.27
 CD 1.93 1.55 0.24 0.24 0.02 93.12
 CT 1.92 1.55 0.25 0.24 0.03 92.46
 GE 1.94 1.55 0.23 0.24 0.06 94.48
 GT 1.86 1.53 0.23 0.23 0.02 87
 KN 1.95 1.55 0.24 0.24 0.04 95
 LA 1.92 1.55 0.23 0.24 0.04 92.26
 LB 1.82 1.54 0.24 0.23 0.02 82.37
 MB 1.72 1.52 0.23 0.22 0.003 72.33
 MF 1.86 1.55 0.26 0.24 −0.01 86.66
 OD 1.76 1.52 0.23 0.22 − 0.02 76.5
 PB 1.85 1.53 0.24 0.23 0.02 85.6
 PE 1.9 1.54 0.23 0.24 0.03 90.4
 RD 1.94 1.55 0.24 0.24 0.04 94.03
 SF 1.69 1.5 0.23 0.22 0.03 69
 ST 1.95 1.54 0.23 0.24 0.04 95.51
 SW 1.87 1.53 0.24 0.23 0.03 87.64
 TR 1.66 1.48 0.23 0.21 −0.04 66.07
 WD 1.91 1.54 0.25 0.23 0.03 91.23
 Mean 1.84 1.53 0.24 0.23 0.02 84.83
Hybrid bees, N = 54 bees       
 BW 1.81 1.52 0.25 0.23 −0.02 81.22
 EL 1.69 1.5 0.23 0.21 0.02 69.41
 GR 1.9 1.54 0.23 0.23 0.02 90.77
 KL 1.83 1.52 0.24 0.23 −0.001 83.07
 Mean 1.81 1.52 0.24 0.22 0.004 81.12
European A. mellifera reference, N = 10 bees       
 AM 1.36 1.25 0.12 0.11 −0.05 35.73
  1. Geographical abbreviations are defined in Table 1. Abbreviations: Na, mean number of observed alleles per locus; Ar, mean allelic richness; Hobs, observed heterozygosity; Hexp, expected heterozygosity; FIS; Fixation index and NP (%), percent mean number of private alleles per region. Mean values are calculated by pooling correspondent regions of each subspecies