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Table 2 Effects of 1% ethylene glycol on urine, serum, and kidney parameters in normal rats and CaOx rats

From: Changing expression profiles of long non-coding RNAs, mRNAs and circular RNAs in ethylene glycol-induced kidney calculi rats

Parameters A B P value
Urine
 Specific Gravity 1.04 ± 0.01 1.02 ± 0.01 *
 pH 7.48 ± 0.1 6.58 ± 0.17 *
 Urinary output 41.75 ± 3.86 56.5 ± 3.42 **
 Calcium (mmol/L) 1.33 ± 0.2 2.46 ± 0.29 **
 Sodium (mmol/L) 82.33 ± 12.89 83.18 ± 7.69 ns
 Potassium (mmol/L) 9.92 ± 1.01 9.76 ± 1.3 ns
 Phosphate (mmol/L) 89.18 ± 9.94 79 ± 14.11 ns
 Uric acid (mmol/L) 166.4 ± 9.69 781.55 ± 119.49 **
 Creatinine (mmol/L) 560.4 ± 29.51 2608.55 ± 869.24 *
 Urea Nitrogen (mmol/L) 99.69 ± 14.17 258.36 ± 33.57 **
Serum
 Potassium (mmol/L) 5.21 ± 0.83 5.02 ± 0.37 ns
 Sodium (mmol/L) 144.55 ± 2.73 148.78 ± 0.94 *
 Chlorine (mmol/L) 97.3 ± 1.1 96.93 ± 1.11 ns
 Calcium (mmol/L) 2.93 ± 0.16 2.58 ± 0.1 **
 Phosphorus (mmol/L) 2.83 ± 0.24 2.82 ± 0.11 ns
 Magnesium (mmol/L) 0.97 ± 0.17 0.98 ± 0.16 ns
 Uric acid (umol/L) 40.48 ± 12.28 168.03 ± 24.71 **
 Creatinine (umol/L) 44.58 ± 2.94 57.25 ± 7.08 **
 Urea Nitrogen (mmol/L) 4.92 ± 0.46 9.23 ± 0.59 **
 Cystatin C (mg/L) 0.32 ± 0.02 0.37 ± 0.01 *
  1. A and B groups represent normal and urolithiatic rats, respectively. The CaOx group received 1% EG in drinking water. Each column represents the mean ± SD for 4 rats
  2. * represents p values < 0.05; ** represents p values < 0.01. ns represents no significance