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Table 1 Selected miRNA targets validated through degradome sequencing. Conserved miRNA and their targets are italicized

From: MicroRNA-guided regulation of heat stress response in wheat

miRNA Target of miRNA Functional pathways
miR156–1.1-5p Squamosa promoter-binding-like protein Stress signalling, regulation of juvenile state [88]
miR156–1.2-5p
miR159f-1 MYB transcription factor Anther development and male sterility [33]
miR166–12.1-3p Homeobox leucine-zipper protein Hormone signalling, leaf morphogenesis and development [89]
miR166–12.2-3p*
miR166–13-3p*
miR166–1-3p
miR166–3.1-3p
miR166–3.2-3p
miR166–4.1-3p
miR166–4.2-3p
miR166–4-3p
miR166–5.1-3p*
miR166–5.2-3p
miR166–6-3p
miR166–7.1-3p*
miR166–7.2-3p
miR166–8.1-3p
miR166–8.2-3p
miR166–8.3-3p
miR166–8.5-3p
miR166–8.6-3p
miR166–9-3p
miR167–14-3p Auxin response factor Auxin signalling [90, 91]
miR167–1-5p*
miR167–18-5p
miR167–2-5p
miR167–35-5p
miR169–51-3p Nuclear transcription factor Y subunit ABA signalling and drought stress signalling [92]
miR169l-1
miR171–2-3p Scarecrow transcription factor family protein Floral development drought stress signalling [92]
miR393–2-5p Transport inhibitor response 1 Auxin signalling [93]
miR393–4-5p
miR393–6-5p
miR395–18-3p ATP sulfurylase (Sulfate adenylyltransferase) Sulfate transport [92]
miR395–41-3p
miR398–1.2-3p Superoxide dismutase [Cu-Zn] Antioxidant activity [94]
miR528–1.2-5p*, Superoxide dismutase [Cu-Zn], L-ascorbate oxidase Antioxidant activity [78]
miR2020b-1 Pentatricopeptide repeat-containing protein RNA metabolism and organ development [82, 83]
miR9662–1.1-3p Mitochondrial transcription termination factor-like Regulation of transcription
miR9662–1.2-3p
miR9662–1.4-3p
miR9662–1.5-3p
miR9662–1.6-3p*
miR9662–1.7-3p
miR9662–2.9-3p
miR9670–2.1-5p Mitochondrial transcription termination factor-like Regulation of transcription [85]
miR9772–1-5p F-box proteins [22, 79]
miR9772–2.1-5p
miR9772–2.2-5p*,
miR9772–4-5p
miR9772–5-5p*,
miR9772–6-5p
  1. *significant differential expression at any time points after heat stress (FDR < 0.05); indicates monocot specific miRNAs, indicated Triticum specific miRNAs