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Table 3 The estimated absolute rates of evolution, dn/ds ratio, and altitudinal range of all 13 anuran species in this study. The high-elevation species are in bold. For the absolute rate of fourfold degenerate (4D) sites and second codon position sites, the unit is number of substitutions per site per million years. The altitudinal range data were collected from Fei et al. [40], Amphibian Species of the World, AmphibiaWeb, and IUCN Red list

From: Molecular convergent and parallel evolution among four high-elevation anuran species from the Tibetan region

Species set 4D site
rate
2nd codon
rate
dN/dS
ratio
Elevational
range (m)
1 Bufo tibetanus 0.003692 0.00039 0.1131 2300–4300
Bufo gargarizans 0.002331 0.000491 0.1712 0–2700
Rhinella marina 0.002223 0.000176 0.1134 0–1600
2 Nanorana parkeri 0.00194 0.000267 0.168 2850–5000
Nanorana yunnanensis 0.001272 0.000112 0.1135 1500–2400
Quasipaa spinosa 0.001591 0.000162 0.1269 200–1500
3 Rana kukunoris 0.00268 0.000182 0.122 2800–4000
Rana chensinensis 0.002536 0.0002 0.123 600–1300
Odorrana margaretae 0.001295 0.000112 0.1235 390–1500
4 Scutiger boulengeri 0.000854 0.000135 0.162 3300–5270
Oreolalax popei 0.000825 0.000101 0.1269 900–2000
Leptobrachium boringii 0.001112 0.000102 0.0989 700–1700