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Table 3 Up-regulated enzymes involved in starch and sucrose metabolism

From: Transcriptomic profiles of Dunaliella salina in response to hypersaline stress

Enzyme code Name Reaction
Polysaccharide degradation
 2.4.1.1 Glycogen phosphorylase [(1- > 4)-alpha-D-glucosyl] n + phosphate = [(1- > 4)-alpha-D-glucosyl]n-1 + alpha-D-glucose 1-phosphate
 3.2.1.1 alpha-amylase Starch + H2O < => Dextrin + Starch
 3.2.1.2 beta-amylase Starch <= > Dextrin + Maltose
Disaccharide degradation
 3.2.1.26 beta-fructofuranosidase Sucrose + H2O < => D-Fructose + D-Glucose
 2.4.1.25 4-alpha-glucanotransferase Amylose + n D-Glucose <= > n Maltose
Others
 2.4.1.15 trehalose 6-phosphate synthase UDP-glucose + D-Glucose 6-phosphate <= > UDP + alpha,alpha’-Trehalose 6-phosphate
 3.1.3.12 trehalose 6-phosphate phosphatase alpha,alpha’-Trehalose 6-phosphate + H2O < => alpha,alpha-Trehalose + Orthophosphate