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Fig. 3 | BMC Genomics

Fig. 3

From: Genomic evolution of Neisseria gonorrhoeae since the preantibiotic era (1928–2013): antimicrobial use/misuse selects for resistance and drives evolution

Fig. 3

Core single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 192 Neisseria gonorrhoeae genomes was initially obtained using Gubbins to exclude the recombinant regions and maximum likelihood tree was reconstructed using 26,744 SNPs. The columns next to the tree describe the antimicrobial susceptibility of each isolate. The antimicrobial susceptible clade is coloured in green and the multidrug-resistant clade in red. The pie charts below the tree reflect the proportion of isolates resistant to each antimicrobial per era. Reference strain WHO O [19] is included in the tree

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