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Table 1 Identification of bacterial isolates

From: Whole-genome analysis of probiotic product isolates reveals the presence of genes related to antimicrobial resistance, virulence factors, and toxic metabolites, posing potential health risks

Isolates Probiotics Product Species Identification Consistency with product label Probiotics declared on the product label Strain typing
ANIa rMLSTb TYGSc
TK-F8B F8 L. rhamnosus L. rhamnosus L. rhamnosus Consistency L. rhamnosus
B. lactobacillus
L. reuteri
B. animalis
none
TK-J6A J6 B. animalis subsp. lactis B. animalis B. animalis Inconsistency B. longum
B. bifidum
S. thermophilus
L. acidophilus
L. delbrueckii subspecies bulgaricus
B. animalis subsp. lactis B420
TK-J7A J7 L. helveticus L. helveticus L. helveticus Consistency L. helveticus
B. bifidum
B. infantis
none
TK-P2A P2 L. plantarum L. plantarum L. plantarum Inconsistency B. longum
L. acidophilus
E. faecalis
none
TK-P3A P3 S. thermophilus S. thermophilus S. salivarius [Unreliable identification] Consistency B. longum
L. delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricu NQ-2508
S. thermophilus
none
TK-P4B P4 E. faecalis E. faecalis E. faecalis Consistency B. infantis
L. acidophilus
E. faecalis
B. cereus
E. faecalis ST745
TK-P5D P5 E. faecium E. faecium E. faecium [potential new species] Consistency B. subtilis
E. faecium
E. faecium ST812
P3MRA P3 L. delbrueckii L. delbrueckii L. delbrueckii Consistency B. longum
L. delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus NQ-2508
S. thermophilus
none
TK-F8A F8 L. reuteri L. reuteri L. reuteri Consistency L. rhamnosus
B. lactobacillus
L. reuteri
B. animalis
none
TK-P4A P4 L. paracasei L. paracasei L. paracasei Inconsistency B. infantis
L. acidophilus
E. faecalis
B. cereus
none
  1. aSpecies identification based on whole genome average nucleotide identity (ANI); b Species identification based whole genome using rMLST; c Species identification based whole genome using TYGS
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