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Table 2 Gene composition within chloroplast genomes of Commelinaceae species

From: Insights into phylogenetic relationships and genome evolution of subfamily Commelinoideae (Commelinaceae Mirb.) inferred from complete chloroplast genomes

Groups of genes Names of genes No.
RNA genes Ribosomal RNAs rrn4.5 X2, rrn5 X2, rrn16 X2, rrn23 X2 8
Transfer RNAs trnK-UUU a, trnQ-UUG, trnS-GCU, trnG-UCC a, trnR-UCU, trnC-GCA, trnD-GUC, trnY-GUA, trnE-UUC, trnT-GGU, trnS-UGA, trnG-GCC, trnfM-CAU, trnS-GGA, trnT-UGU, trnL-UAA a, trnF-GAA, trnV-UACa, trnM-CAU, trnW-CCA, trnP-UGG, trnH-GUG X2, trnI-CAU X2, trnL-CAA X2, trnV-GAC X2, trnI-GAU a X2, trnA-UGC a X2, trnR-ACG X2, trnN-GUU X2, trnL-UAG 38
Protein genes Photosystem I psaA, psaB, psaC, psaI, psaJ 5
Photosystem II psbA, psbB, psbC, psbD, psbE, psbF, psbH, psbI, psbJ, psbK, psbL, psbM, psbN, psbT, psbZ 15
Cytochrome petA, petB a, petD a, petG, petL, petN 6
ATP synthases atpA, atpB, atpE, atpF a, atpH, atpI 6
Large unit of Rubisco rbcL 1
NADH dehydrogenase ndhA a, ndhB a X2, ndhC, ndhD, ndhE, ndhF, ndhG, ndhH, ndhI, ndhJ, ndhK 12
ATP-dependent protease subunit P clpP b 1
Envelope membrane protein cemA 1
Ribosomal proteins Large units of ribosome rpl2 a X2, rpl14, rpl16 a, rpl20, rpl22 X2, rpl23 X2, rpl32, rpl33, rpl36 12
Small units of ribosome rps2, rps3, rps4, rps7 X2, rps8, rps11, rps12 X2, rps14, rps15, rps16 a, rps18, rps19 X2 15
Transcription/translation RNA polymerase rpoA, rpoB, rpoC1 a, rpoC2 3
Initiation factor infA 1
Miscellaneous protein accD, ccsA, matK 2
Hypothetical proteins and conserved reading frames ycf1, ycf2 X2, ycf3 b, ycf4, ycf15 5
Total    131
  1. agene with one intron; bgene with two introns; X2: duplicated gene; ⍦: pseudogene