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Table 1 Traits, summary statistics, and trait categories of multiple-trait analysis

From: Identifying pleiotropic variants and candidate genes for fertility and reproduction traits in Holstein cattle via association studies based on imputed whole-genome sequence genotypes

Traits Full names of traits dEBVa Accuracy Trait categories used for multiple-trait analysisb
N Mean Min Max Mean SD H C S HC HCS
AFS Age at first service 5,123 81 -1,790 1,992 0.56 0.02   
FSTCh First service to conception heifer 5,451 114 -1,934 2,134 0.55 0.03   
NRRh Non-return rate heifer 5,374 86 -1,939 2,137 0.55 0.03   
CEh Calving ease heifer 4,623 122 -1,726 1,925 0.56 0.02   
CSh Calf survival heifer 5,168 121 -1,887 2,082 0.55 0.03   
CA Calving ability 5,986 110 -1,881 2,074 0.56 0.02  
CTFS Calving to first service 4,800 125 -1,847 2,046 0.56 0.02   
DO Days open 5,034 93 -1,773 1,970 0.55 0.02   
FSTCc First service to conception cow 5,036 88 -1,835 2,032 0.55 0.02   
NRRc Non-return rate cow 5,283 105 -1,923 2,118 0.55 0.02   
CEc Calving ease cow 4,761 101 -1,814 2,012 0.56 0.02   
CSc Calf survival cow 5,045 122 -1,956 2,156 0.55 0.03   
DCA Daughter calving ability 5,191 116 -1,874 2,072 0.55 0.02   
DF Daughter fertility 5,529 106 -1,851 2,048 0.55 0.02   
SCEh Sire calving ease heifer 5,782 85 -1,974 2,167 0.56 0.02    
SCEc Sire calving ease cow 5,133 112 -1,974 2,171 0.56 0.02    
SCSh Sire calf survival heifer 4,687 109 -1,897 2,103 0.54 0.02    
SCSc Sire calf survival cow 3,803 113 -1,887 2,100 0.53 0.02    
  1. adEBV: deregressed estimated breeding values
  2. bThe trait categories are defined with respective to heifers (H), cows (C), sires (S), heifers and cows (HC), and all the animals together (HCS), respectively