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Fig. 4 | BMC Genomics

Fig. 4

From: Evolution and dispersal of mitochondrial DNA haplogroup U5 in Northern Europe: insights from an unsupervised learning approach to phylogeography

Fig. 4

Phylogeny of the hiers BAPS subclade III (subhaplogroup U5a/U5a1) in the U5 phylogenetic tree). The phylogeny shows detailed branching for each sequence by country or ethnic origin. Time estimates are provided in kya (Table S7). Blank ages indicate confidence intervals (CIs) that extend to the present day. For clusters older than 200 years old (encircled in black border), the estimated rate provided is based on calibrated age in years before present (calBP) provided by the literature. The size of the circle is proportional to the number of sequences of the same subhaplogroup, with the smallest size corresponding to one sequence. Colors indicate geographic region as in Fig. 2: Western Europe (dark blue), Southern Europe (orange), Scandinavia (light blue), Finland (magenta), Saami (lilac), Central Europe (fluorescent green), Eastern Europe (salmon), Asia (mustard)

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