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Eukaryote microbial genomics

This section covers the structure and function of genomes of single-celled parasites, yeasts, fungi and viruses.

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  1. Necrotrophic effector proteins secreted by fungal pathogens are important virulence factors that mediate the development of disease in wheat. Pyrenophora tritici-repentis (Ptr), the causal agent of wheat tan spot...

    Authors: Paula Moolhuijzen, Pao Theen See and Caroline S. Moffat

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2020 21:645

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Blue mold is a globally important and economically impactful postharvest disease of apples caused by multiple Penicillium spp. There are currently four postharvest fungicides registered for blue mold control, and...

    Authors: Franz J. Lichtner, Verneta L. Gaskins, Kerik D. Cox and Wayne M. Jurick II

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2020 21:574

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Laurel wilt caused by Raffaelea lauricola is a lethal vascular disease of North American members of the Lauraceae plant family. This fungus and its primary ambrosia beetle vector Xyleborus glabratus originated fr...

    Authors: Yucheng Zhang, Junli Zhang, Dan Vanderpool, Jason A. Smith and Jeffrey A. Rollins

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2020 21:570

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Picophytoplankton are abundant and can contribute greatly to primary production in eutrophic lakes. Mychonastes species are among the common eukaryotic picophytoplankton in eutrophic lakes. We used third-generati...

    Authors: Changqing Liu, Xiaoli Shi, Fan Wu, Mingdong Ren, Guang Gao and Qinglong Wu

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2020 21:477

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Beauveria bassiana (B. bassiana) is a famous entomopathogenic fungus that could parasitize on hundreds of insect species, which are being used as an environmentally friendly mycoinsecticide. Nevertheless, the pos...

    Authors: Zhengkun Zhang, Yang Lu, Wenjing Xu, Li Sui, Qian Du, Yangzhou Wang, Yu Zhao and Qiyun Li

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2020 21:451

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Most diversity in the eukaryotic tree of life is represented by microbial eukaryotes, which is a polyphyletic group also referred to as protists. Among the protists, currently sequenced genomes and transcripto...

    Authors: Henning Onsbring, Alexander K. Tice, Brandon T. Barton, Matthew W. Brown and Thijs J. G. Ettema

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2020 21:448

    Content type: Methodology article

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  7. Amanitin-producing mushrooms, mainly distributed in the genera Amanita, Galerina and Lepiota, possess MSDIN gene family for the biosynthesis of many cyclopeptides catalysed by prolyl oligopeptidase (POP). Recentl...

    Authors: Zhengmi He, Pan Long, Fang Fang, Sainan Li, Ping Zhang and Zuohong Chen

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2020 21:440

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Secondary metabolites as natural products from endophytic fungi are important sources of pharmaceuticals. However, there is currently little understanding of endophytic fungi at the omics levels about their po...

    Authors: Jin-Tao Cheng, Fei Cao, Xin-Ai Chen, Yong-Quan Li and Xu-Ming Mao

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2020 21:424

    Content type: Research article

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  9. DNA replication in trypanosomatids operates in a uniquely challenging environment, since most of their genomes are constitutively transcribed. Trypanosoma cruzi, the etiological agent of Chagas disease, presents ...

    Authors: Christiane Bezerra de Araujo, Julia Pinheiro Chagas da Cunha, Davi Toshio Inada, Jeziel Damasceno, Alex Ranieri Jerônimo Lima, Priscila Hiraiwa, Catarina Marques, Evonnildo Gonçalves, Milton Yutaka Nishiyama-Junior, Richard McCulloch and Maria Carolina Elias

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2020 21:414

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Plasmodium parasites undergo several major developmental transitions during their complex lifecycle, which are enabled by precisely ordered gene expression programs. Transcriptomes from the 48-h blood stages of t...

    Authors: Lia Chappell, Philipp Ross, Lindsey Orchard, Timothy J. Russell, Thomas D. Otto, Matthew Berriman, Julian C. Rayner and Manuel Llinás

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2020 21:395

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Researchers often measure changes in gene expression across conditions to better understand the shared functional roles and regulatory mechanisms of different genes. Analogous to this is comparing gene express...

    Authors: Alexander L. Cope, Brian C. O’Meara and Michael A. Gilchrist

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2020 21:370

    Content type: Research Article

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  12. Increased contamination of European and Asian wheat and barley crops with “emerging” mycotoxins such as enniatins or beauvericin, produced by Fusarium avenaceum and Fusarium tricinctum, suggest that these phyloge...

    Authors: Nadia Ponts, Charlotte Gautier, Jérôme Gouzy, Laetitia Pinson-Gadais, Marie Foulongne-Oriol, Christine Ducos, Florence Richard-Forget, Jean-Michel Savoie, Chen Zhao and Gérard Barroso

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2020 21:358

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The wide variation in the size of fungal genomes is well known, but the reasons for this size variation are less certain. Here, we present a chromosome-scale assembly of ectophytic Peltaster fructicola, a surface...

    Authors: Bo Wang, Xiaofei Liang, Mark L. Gleason, Tom Hsiang, Rong Zhang and Guangyu Sun

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2020 21:321

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Ashbya gossypii naturally overproduces riboflavin and has been utilized for industrial riboflavin production. To improve riboflavin production, various approaches have been developed. In this study, to investigat...

    Authors: Tatsuya Kato, Junya Azegami, Ami Yokomori, Hideo Dohra, Hesham A. El Enshasy and Enoch Y. Park

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2020 21:319

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The apicomplexan parasite Theileria parva causes a livestock disease called East coast fever (ECF), with millions of animals at risk in sub-Saharan East and Southern Africa, the geographic distribution of T. parv...

    Authors: Kyle Tretina, Roger Pelle, Joshua Orvis, Hanzel T. Gotia, Olukemi O. Ifeonu, Priti Kumari, Nicholas C. Palmateer, Shaikh B. A. Iqbal, Lindsay M. Fry, Vishvanath M. Nene, Claudia A. Daubenberger, Richard P. Bishop and Joana C. Silva

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2020 21:279

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The stripe rust pathogen, Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst), threats world wheat production. Resistance to Pst is often overcome by pathogen virulence changes, but the mechanisms of variation are not clea...

    Authors: Yuxiang Li, Chongjing Xia, Meinan Wang, Chuntao Yin and Xianming Chen

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2020 21:247

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The creation of arrays of yeast strains each encoding a different protein with constant tags is a powerful method for understanding how genes and their proteins control cell function. As genetic tools become m...

    Authors: Lisa K. Berry, Grace Heredge Thomas and Peter H. Thorpe

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2020 21:221

    Content type: Methodology article

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  18. All retroviruses, including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), must integrate a DNA copy of their genomes into the genome of the infected host cell to replicate. Although integrated retroviral DNA, known as a...

    Authors: Daria W. Wells, Shuang Guo, Wei Shao, Michael J. Bale, John M. Coffin, Stephen H. Hughes and Xiaolin Wu

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2020 21:216

    Content type: Methodology article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Genomics 2020 21:517

  19. Sporobolomyces pararoseus is regarded as an oleaginous red yeast, which synthesizes numerous valuable compounds with wide industrial usages. This species hold biotechnological interests in biodiesel, food and cos...

    Authors: Chun-Ji Li, Die Zhao, Bing-Xue Li, Ning Zhang, Jian-Yu Yan and Hong-Tao Zou

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2020 21:181

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The filamentous fungus Fusarium graminearum causes devastating crop diseases and produces harmful mycotoxins worldwide. Understanding the complex F. graminearum transcriptional regulatory networks (TRNs) is vital...

    Authors: Li Guo, Mengjie Ji and Kai Ye

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2020 21:179

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Recently, a new strain of Cercospora sojina (Race15) has been identified, which has caused the breakdown of resistance in most soybean cultivars in China. Despite this serious yield reduction, little is known abo...

    Authors: Xin Gu, Junjie Ding, Wei Liu, Xiaohe Yang, Liangliang Yao, Xuedong Gao, Maoming Zhang, Shuai Yang and Jingzhi Wen

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2020 21:172

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Penicillium italicum (blue mold) is one of citrus pathogens causing undesirable citrus fruit decay even at strictly-controlled low temperatures (< 10 °C) during shipping and storage. P. italicum isolates with con...

    Authors: Tingfu Zhang, Qianwen Cao, Na Li, Deli Liu and Yongze Yuan

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2020 21:156

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Cotton Verticillium wilt is one of the most devastating diseases for cotton production in the world. Although this diseases have been widely studied at the molecular level from pathogens, the molecular basis of V...

    Authors: Xinyu Zhang, Wenhan Cheng, Zhidi Feng, Qianhao Zhu, Yuqiang Sun, Yanjun Li and Jie Sun

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2020 21:155

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Anthocyanins are common substances with many agro-food industrial applications. However, anthocyanins are generally considered to be found only in natural plants. Our previous study isolated and purified the f...

    Authors: Congfan Bu, Qian Zhang, Jie Zeng, Xiyue Cao, Zhaonan Hao, Dairong Qiao, Yi Cao and Hui Xu

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2020 21:29

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The broad host range pathogen Sclerotinia sclerotiorum infects over 400 plant species and causes substantial yield losses in crops worldwide. Secondary metabolites are known to play important roles in the virulen...

    Authors: Carolyn Graham-Taylor, Lars G. Kamphuis and Mark C. Derbyshire

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2020 21:7

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Whole-genome shotgun sequencing, which stitches together millions of short sequencing reads into a single genome, ushered in the era of modern genomics and led to a rapid expansion of the number of genome sequ...

    Authors: Kelsi A. Lindblad, Jananan S. Pathmanathan, Sandrine Moreira, John R. Bracht, Robert P. Sebra, Elizabeth R. Hutton and Laura F. Landweber

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2019 20:1037

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Rumen ciliates play important roles in rumen function by digesting and fermenting feed and shaping the rumen microbiome. However, they remain poorly understood due to the lack of definitive direct evidence wit...

    Authors: Lingling Wang, Anas Abu-Doleh, Johanna Plank, Umit V. Catalyurek, Jeffrey L. Firkins and Zhongtang Yu

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2019 20:1008

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Flammulina velutipes has been recognized as a useful basidiomycete with nutritional and medicinal values. Ergosterol, one of the main sterols of F. velutipes is an important precursor of novel anticancer and anti...

    Authors: Ruihong Wang, Pengda Ma, Chen Li, Lingang Xiao, Zongsuo Liang and Juane Dong

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2019 20:999

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Stem rust is an economically important disease of wheat and barley. However, studies to gain insight into the molecular basis of these host-pathogen interactions have primarily focused on wheat because of its ...

    Authors: Roshan Sharma Poudel, Jonathan Richards, Subidhya Shrestha, Shyam Solanki and Robert Brueggeman

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2019 20:985

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Seeds of plants are a confirmation of their next generation and come associated with a unique microbia community. Vertical transmission of this microbiota signifies the importance of these organisms for a heal...

    Authors: Garima Raj, Mohammad Shadab, Sujata Deka, Manashi Das, Jilmil Baruah, Rupjyoti Bharali and Narayan C. Talukdar

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2019 20:924

    Content type: Research Article

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  31. Malaria pathogenesis relies on sexual gametocyte forms of the malaria parasite to be transmitted between the infected human and the mosquito host but the molecular mechanisms controlling gametocytogenesis rema...

    Authors: Riëtte van Biljon, Roelof van Wyk, Heather J. Painter, Lindsey Orchard, Janette Reader, Jandeli Niemand, Manuel Llinás and Lyn-Marie Birkholtz

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2019 20:920

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Candida albicans is an opportunistic pathogen which is responsible for widespread nosocomial infections. It encompasses a fungus specific serine/threonine protein phosphatase gene, CaPPZ1 that is involved in cati...

    Authors: Krisztina Szabó, Ágnes Jakab, Szilárd Póliska, Katalin Petrényi, Katalin Kovács, Lama Hasan Bou Issa, Tamás Emri, István Pócsi and Viktor Dombrádi

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2019 20:873

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The protozoan pathogen Toxoplasma gondii has the unique ability to develop a chronic infection in the brain of its host by transitioning from the fast growing tachyzoite morphology to latent bradyzoite morphology...

    Authors: Andrew L. Garfoot, Gary M. Wilson, Joshua J. Coon and Laura J. Knoll

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2019 20:859

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Enzymatic plant biomass degradation by fungi is a highly complex process and one of the leading challenges in developing a biobased economy. Some industrial fungi (e.g. Aspergillus niger) have a long history of u...

    Authors: Claire Khosravi, Joanna E. Kowalczyk, Tania Chroumpi, Evy Battaglia, Maria-Victoria Aguilar Pontes, Mao Peng, Ad Wiebenga, Vivian Ng, Anna Lipzen, Guifen He, Diane Bauer, Igor V. Grigoriev and Ronald P. de Vries

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2019 20:853

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The Metarhizium genus harbors important entomopathogenic fungi. These species have been widely explored as biological control agents, and strategies to improve the fungal virulence are under investigation. Thus, ...

    Authors: Nicolau Sbaraini, Reinaldo Bellini, Augusto Bartz Penteriche, Rafael Lucas Muniz Guedes, Ane Wichine Acosta Garcia, Alexandra Lehmkuhl Gerber, Marilene Henning Vainstein, Ana Tereza Ribeiro de Vasconcelos, Augusto Schrank and Charley Christian Staats

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2019 20:836

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Scylla paramamosain is a commercially important mud crab. The microbiota is a community that inhabits the crab intestine, and is important for physiological functional and host health.

    Authors: Hongling Wei, Huan Wang, Lei Tang, Changkao Mu, Chunyu Ye, Lizhi Chen and Chunlin Wang

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2019 20:829

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Macrophomina phaseolina is a fungal plant pathogen with a broad host range, but one genotype was shown to exhibit host preference/specificity on strawberry. This pathogen lacked a high-quality genome assembly and...

    Authors: Alyssa K. Burkhardt, Kevin L. Childs, Jie Wang, Marina L. Ramon and Frank N. Martin

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2019 20:802

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Sarocladium brachiariae is a newly identified endophytic fungus isolated from Brachiaria brizantha. A previous study indicated that S. brachiariae had antifungal activity; however, limited genomic information res...

    Authors: Yang Yang, Xiaobao Liu, Jimiao Cai, Yipeng Chen, Boxun Li, Zhikai Guo and Guixiu Huang

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2019 20:782

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Hypsizygus marmoreus, a high value commercialized edible mushroom is widely cultivated in East Asia, and has become one of the most popular edible mushrooms because of its rich nutritional and medicinal value. Mi...

    Authors: Gang Wang, Jingxian Lin, Yang Shi, Xiaoguang Chang, Yuanyuan Wang, Lin Guo, Wenhui Wang, Meijie Dou, Youjin Deng, Ray Ming and Jisen Zhang

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2019 20:765

    Content type: Research article

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  40. One fundamental question in biology is how the evolution of eukaryotic signaling networks has taken place. “Loss of function” (lof) mutants from components of the high osmolarity glycerol (HOG) signaling pathw...

    Authors: Stefan Bohnert, Luis Antelo, Christiane Grünewald, Alexander Yemelin, Karsten Andresen and Stefan Jacob

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2019 20:763

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Clubroot is an important disease of brassica crops world-wide. The causal agent, Plasmodiophora brassicae, has been present in Canada for over a century but was first identified on canola (Brassica napus) in Albe...

    Authors: Afsaneh Sedaghatkish, Bruce D. Gossen, Fengqun Yu, Davoud Torkamaneh and Mary Ruth McDonald

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2019 20:744

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Trypanosomatids of the genus Leishmania are parasites of mammals or reptiles transmitted by bloodsucking dipterans. Many species of these flagellates cause important human diseases with clinical symptoms ranging ...

    Authors: Anzhelika Butenko, Alexei Y. Kostygov, Jovana Sádlová, Yuliya Kleschenko, Tomáš Bečvář, Lucie Podešvová, Diego H. Macedo, David Žihala, Julius Lukeš, Paul A. Bates, Petr Volf, Fred R. Opperdoes and Vyacheslav Yurchenko

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2019 20:726

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Fermentation completion is a major prerequisite in many industrial processes involving the bakery yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Stuck fermentations can be due to the combination of many environmental stresses. ...

    Authors: Philippe Marullo, Pascal Durrens, Emilien Peltier, Margaux Bernard, Chantal Mansour and Denis Dubourdieu

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2019 20:680

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Iron is an essential micronutrient for the growth and development of virtually all living organisms, playing a pivotal role in the proliferative capability of many bacterial pathogens. The impact that the bioa...

    Authors: Izabela Coimbra Ibraim, Mariana Teixeira Dornelles Parise, Doglas Parise, Michelle Zibetti Tadra Sfeir, Thiago Luiz de Paula Castro, Alice Rebecca Wattam, Preetam Ghosh, Debmalya Barh, Emannuel Maltempi Souza, Aristóteles Góes-Neto, Anne Cybelle Pinto Gomide and Vasco Azevedo

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2019 20:663

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Lichens, encompassing 20,000 known species, are symbioses between specialized fungi (mycobionts), mostly ascomycetes, and unicellular green algae or cyanobacteria (photobionts). Here we describe the first para...

    Authors: Daniele Armaleo, Olaf Müller, François Lutzoni, Ólafur S. Andrésson, Guillaume Blanc, Helge B. Bode, Frank R. Collart, Francesco Dal Grande, Fred Dietrich, Igor V. Grigoriev, Suzanne Joneson, Alan Kuo, Peter E. Larsen, John M. Logsdon Jr, David Lopez, Francis Martin…

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2019 20:605

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Citrus are among the most important crops in the world. However, there are many diseases that affect Citrus caused by different pathogens. Citrus also hosts many symbiotic microorganisms in a relationship that...

    Authors: Carolina Munari Rodrigues, Marco Aurélio Takita, Nicholas Vinicius Silva, Marcelo Ribeiro-Alves and Marcos Antonio Machado

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2019 20:554

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Podosphaera xanthii is the main causal agent of powdery mildew disease in cucurbits and is responsible for important yield losses in these crops worldwide. Powdery mildew fungi are obligate biotrophs. In these pa...

    Authors: Álvaro Polonio, Pedro Seoane, M. Gonzalo Claros and Alejandro Pérez-García

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2019 20:543

    Content type: Research article

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