Human mature MII oocytes and hESC display a common transcriptome signature. Principal component analysis (PCA) (A). A PCA of 9 mature oocytes (MII), 29 hESCs and 167 somatic tissue samples. CNS, central nervous system; PNS, peripheral nervous system. Hierarchical clustering (B). Each horizontal line represents a PS and each column represents a single sample. PS up and down-regulated were colored in red and purple, respectively. In white, PS which were neither over nor under-expressed. Clusters: a: hESCs genes; b: MII oocytes genes; c: the oocytes/hESC signature; d: genes expressed in CNS; e: genes expressed in hematopoietic cells. AD: adipocytes; hFF: human foreskin fibroblasts; SK: skin and keratinocytes; DT: digestive tract; Hemato: hematopoietic cells; PL: placenta; H: heart; LU: lung; TH: thyroid; UT: uterus; OV: ovary; M: muscle. Expression bar charts of selected genes (C). Expression bar charts of three oocytes specific genes (DAZL, SOX30, ZP2), three hESCs specific genes (POU5F1/OCT4, NANOG, and DPPA4), three genes up-regulated in hESC and oocytes MII (DNMT3B, TOP2A and ZNF84) and one ubiquitously expressed gene (RPL4) using our on-line expression atlas Amazonia! http://amazonia.montp.inserm.fr. Diff: non-specific differentiated hESC; MCF7: breast cancer cell line; HEPG2: hepatocarcinoma cell line. Venn diagram detailing shared and distinct gene expression among hESCs and MII human oocytes (D). The oocyte/hESC signature was defined as the intersection of the hESC signature (genes overexpressed in hESC compared to somatic tissues (ST)) and the MII oocytes signature (genes overexpressed in MII oocytes compared to ST). The oocytes/hESC signature was then further parted into a fraction sharing a cell cycle signature and a non-cell cycle part.