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Table 3 Mean of squared differences (MSD) between observed and expected P values for various association mapping methods in five plant species.

From: Comparison of mixed-model approaches for association mapping in rapeseed, potato, sugar beet, maize, and Arabidopsis

Method Rapeseed
  TKW OC OY
ANOVA 0.0624 0.0326 0.0523
K 0.0098 0.0053 0.0016
Q1K 0.0021 0.0047 0.0061
Q2K 0.0013 0.0010 0.0192
PK 0.0008 0.0007 0.0026
  Potato
  GPR PIR PM
ANOVA 0.1928 0.0947 0.1534
K 0.0499 0.0162 0.0604
Q1K 0.0122 0.0179 0.0389
Q2K 0.0181 0.0017 0.0063
PK 0.0189 0.0183 0.0422
  Sugar beet
  AN BY CSY
ANOVA 0.1526 0.1625 0.1533
K 0.0136 0.0191 0.0173
Q1K 0.0060 0.0239 0.0051
Q2K 0.0118 0.0167 0.0081
PK 0.0090 0.0137 0.0065
  Maize
  EH ED DPS
ANOVA 0.0333 0.0147 0.0909
K 0.0003 0.0002 0.0006
Q1K 0.0002 0.0003 0.0002
Q2K 0.0002 0.0002 0.0003
PK 0.0003 0.0005 0.0002
  Arabidopsis
  FLC FRI LDV
ANOVA 0.0040 0.0004 0.0070
K 0.0006 0.0022 0.0013
Q1K 0.0026 0.0033 0.0017
Q2K 0.0019 0.0022 0.0013
PK 0.0021 0.0034 0.0018
  1. For abbreviations of the analyzed traits see Table 2. For a detailed definition of the statistical models and description of the different methods see Materials and Methods.