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Table 1 Summary of Organisms

From: Comparative analysis of mycobacterium and related actinomycetes yields insight into the evolution of mycobacterium tuberculosis pathogenesis

Organism Patho-genic Host required Description Reference
Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv Y Y Causes TB; Laboratory strain [2]
Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Ra Y Y Causes TB; Avirulent sister strain to H37Rv [4]
Mycobacterium tuberculosis F11 (ExPEC) Y Y Causes TB; isolated from TB patient in S. Africa [5]
Mycobacterium bovis BCG str. Pasteur 1173P2 Y Y Causes bovine TB; attenuated vaccine strain [6]
Mycobacterium bovis AF2122/97 Y Y Causes bovine TB [7]
Mycobacterium tuberculosis Haarlem Y Y Causes TB; MDR strain [5]
Mycobacterium tuberculosis C Y Y Causes TB; isolated in NY City [5]
Mycobacterium tuberculosis CDC1551 Y Y Causes TB; highly contagious & virulent strain [8]
Mycobacterium ulcerans AGY99 Y   Causes Buruli ulcer [9]
Mycobacterium marinum Y   From fish; Skin lesions in human [10]
Mycobacterium leprae TN Y Y Causes leprosy [11]
Mycobacterium avium 104 Y   Opportunistic pathogen; can causeTB-type pulmonary infection [12]
Mycobacterium avium subsp. Paratuberculosis K-10 Y Y Causes paratuberculosis; obligate pathogen of cattle [13]
Mycobacterium sp. MCS    Soil bacteria; degrades PAH [14]
Mycobacterium sp. KMS    Soil bacteria; degrades PAH [14]
Mycobacterium smegmatis MC2155 Y   Widely used model for Mtb isolated from human smegma; causes soft tissue lesions [12]
Mycobacterium vanbaalenii PYR-1    Soil bacteria; degrades PAH [14]
Mycobacterium gilvum    Soil bacteria; Degrades PAH + wide variety of organic compounds [14]
Mycobacterium abscessus Y   Skin & soft tissue infections [15]
Rhodococcus jostii RHA1    Soil bacteria important for biofuels research and bioremediation; degrades PCB + wide variety of organic compounds [16]
Nocardia farcinica IFM 10152 Y   Causes nocardiosis [17]
Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC 13032    Produces amino acids (Glu) [18]
Corynebacterium efficiens YS-314    Produces amino acids (Glu) [19]
Corynebacterium diphtheriae NCTC13129 Y   Causes diphtheria [20]
Corynebacterium jeikeium K411 Y   Causes nocosomial infections [21]
Streptomyces avermitilis MA-4680    Soil bacteria;antibiotic-producing [22]
Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2)    Soil bacteria;antibiotic producing [23]
Acidothermus cellulolyticus 11B    Hot springs of Yellowstone [24]
Rhodobacter sphaeroides    Gram -, motile; photosyn.; fixes N2 [14]
Propionibacterium Acnes KPA171202 Y   Causes acne [25]
Bifidobacterium Longum NCC2705    Digestive track commensal; yogurt [26]