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Table 2 Known unigenes expressed in response to V. dahliae infection in resistant G. barbadense

From: Transcriptome profiling of Gossypium barbadense inoculated with Verticillium dahliae provides a resource for cotton improvement

Pathway Unigene Related functions
Perception of PAMPs by PRRs Chitin elicitor receptor kinase (CERK1) Chitin elicitor signaling
Elicitor-responsive proteins (ERG) Plant defense signaling
Proline-rich extensin-like receptor kinases (PERKs) Perception of PAMPs and induction of defense responses
BRI1-associated receptor kinase 1 (BAK1) Perception of PAMPs and induction of defense responses
Somatic embryogenesis receptor-like kinases (SERKs) Plant immune responses to pathogen attack
Plant receptor-like kinases (RLKs) Perception of PAMPs and induction of defense responses
Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) Downstream components in PTI
CC-NBS-LRR resistance protein (RPM1) Manages of signaling potential via intra-molecular negative regulation
Effector-triggered immunity (ETI) TMV resistance protein TMV-N mediated signal transduction pathway
Disease resistance protein (RPS2) Specifically recognizes effector protein from pathogen
NBS-LRR resistance gene (RPP8) Specifically recognizes effector protein from pathogen
RPM1 Interacting Protein 4 (RIN4) Negatively regulates disease resistance mediated by RPS2
Ion Fluxes CaM-related proteins Calcium signal transducer
Plant cyclic nucleotide gated channels (CNGCs) Facilitates Ca2+ uptake into the cytosol in response to PAMP
Calmodulin (CaM) Calcium signal transducer
Calcium binding protein Calcium signal transducer
Calmodulin-like protein (CML) Calcium signal transducer
Calcineurin B-like proteins (CBL) Decoding of calcium transients
Transcription factors (TFs) ERF, EREBP-like Binding ethylene-responsive element
WRKY Regulates signaling and transcriptional reprogramming associated with plant defense responses
BHLH Regulates signaling and transcriptional reprogramming associated with plant defense responses
Histone promoter-binding protein (HBP)-1a Negatively regulates defense response
NADPH oxidase or respiratory burst oxidase Generation of superoxide
Oxidative burst Ascorbate peroxidase Detoxifies peroxides
Thioredoxin peroxidases Reduces various peroxides
Glutathione peroxidases (GPXs) Reduces H2O2, organic hydroperoxidases, and lipid peroxides
Cationic peroxidases Causes a disease resistance response
Protein disulfide-isomerase (PDI) Ubiquitous redox protein
Catalase Decomposition of hydrogen peroxide to water and oxygen
PR1C Confers resistance to pathogen and hallmarks of defense pathways
Pathogenesis-related (PR) proteins Beta-1,3-glucanase-like genes (PR2 homologs) Lyses cell walls of fungal pathogens
PR1 protein Confers resistance to pathogen and hallmarks of defense pathways
Chitinase (PR3 and 8 homologs) Lyses cell walls of fungal pathogens
Thaumatin-like protein (PR5) Inhibits hyphal growth and sporulation by various fungi
BAG-like genes: BCL-2-associated athanogenes Suppresses apoptosis
Dynamin-related proteins (DRP) Key regulators of PCD
Programmed cell death (PCD) Apoptosis Inducing Factor homolog (AIF) Chromatin condensation and DNA degradation
Nitric oxide synthase Catalyzes arginine to produce nitric oxide
Enhanced Disease Susceptibility 1(EDS1) Catalyzes arginine to produce nitric oxide
Non-expression of PR gene 1 (NPR1) Regulatory component in SA signaling
Plant hormones Pathogen-inducible salicylic acid glucosyltransferase (SGT1) Involved in the early disease response and the accumulation of glucosyl SA during pathogenesis
Phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL) Key enzyme in SA biosynthesis
Isochorismate synthase (ICS) Key enzyme in SA biosynthesis
Lipoxygenase (LOX) Key enzyme in jasmonic acid (JA) biosynthesis
Allene oxide synthase (AOS) Key enzyme in jasmonic acid biosynthesis
Jasmonate ZIM-motif (JAZ) proteins (TIFY10B) JA signaling
1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid oxidase (ACO) Key enzyme in ethylene biosynthesis
3-deoxy-D-arabino-heptulosonate 7-phosphate synthase Biosynthesis of derived secondary metabolites
Cell wall modification Polyphenol oxidase Oxidation of phenol compounds
4-coumarate-CoA ligase Phenylpropanoid metabolism
Glutathione-S-transferase (GST) Conjugates electrophilic molecules to glutathione (GSH)
Caffeic acid 3-O-methyltransferase Lignin biosynthesis
Extension Inhibits pathogen invasion
Cellulose synthase Callose synthesis
Sucrose synthase Sucrose synthesis
UDP-glucuronic acid decarboxylase 1 Key factor in xylose formation