Growth and development of ‘Dangshansuli’ pear fruit. (A) Changes in fruit fresh weight. Mean of 5–10 fruits. Vertical bars represent standard deviations. (B) Changes in fruit transverse diameter and vertical diameter. Mean of 5–10 fruits. Vertical bars represent standard deviations. (C) Stages of fruit development from flower (FL) to ripening fruit and the corresponding days post anthesis (DPA) separated into 3 phases of development characterized by cell division, cell expansion, and fruit ripening.