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Table 2 Summary of regulatory regions from FANTOM5 and ENCODE.

From: Disease-associated variants in different categories of disease located in distinct regulatory elements

Regulatory Regions Source Technique Institute Length(bp) Percent of human genome (%)
Transcription promoter FANTOM5 CAGE RIKEN 3,833,500 0.12
Transcription enhancer FANTOM5 CAGE RIKEN 12,385,403 0.38
Transcription insulator ENCODE ChIP-seq HudsonAlpha Institute for Biotechnology, Yale University, Harvard University 81,713,060 3.52
Methylation region ENCODE Methylation 450 HudsonAlpha Institute for Biotechnology 19,517,834 0.60
Histone modification region ENCODE ChIP-seq Broad institute, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School 2,816,878,674  
Chromatin physical interaction regions ENCODE CHIA-PET Genome Institute of Singapore, Stanford University 1,288,430,643 39.83
DNA binding sites of protein ENCODE ChIP-seq HudsonAlpha Institute for Biotechnology, Yale University, Harvard University 380,355,257 11.76
Open chromatin regions (DNase I hypersensitive sites) ENCODE DNase-seq Washington University, Duke University 387,138,495 11.97
Open chromatin regions by FAIRE-seq ENCODE FAIRE-seq Duke University, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of Texas at Austin, European Bioinformatics Institute, University of Cambridge 448,557,442 13.87