A chart presenting the protocol used to construct the principal tool used in this study: high density nylon membranes spotted with two Suppressive Subtractive Hybridization libraries (SSH). The original cDNAs were obtained from 11-weeks placental villi maintained in normoxia or hypoxia. Two reciprocally subtracted libraries were constructed and spotted at high density on nylon membranes. Then hybridizations were carried out using complex probes from various placentas (either from healthy, or from pathological pregnancies). The rationale of using early villi and hybridizing with near-term villi was the aim of identifying genes modified early by hypoxia, and still modified later chronically in the pathological state.