Growth and carotenoid production during the growth cycle in Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous. The UCD 67–385 strain was grown in MM supplemented with 2% of glucose (A) or succinate (B). (■) Represents the percentage of growth. The maximum absorbance (560 nm) value was considered as 100% of growth and the value for each time point, was calculated as a percentage of maximum growth. The means ± SD of the values obtained from three independent cultures are shown. The vertical arrows indicate the harvest times for the assays (24, 48, 70 and 96 h, which corresponded to lag, early exponential, late exponential and stationary phases of growth, respectively). (∇) Represents the total carotenoids. (*) Indicates the induction of carotenoid biosynthesis.