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Table 3 Candidate genes associated with anthocyanin pigmentation in yam tuber.

From: Transciptome analysis reveals flavonoid biosynthesis regulation and simple sequence repeats in yam (Dioscorea alata L.) tubers

Gene family Name Target description KO id (EC No.) NO. all a NO. up b NO. down c
Phenyl-propanoid/
Flavonoid pathway
C4H Trans-cinnamate 4-monooxygenase K00487 (1.14.13.11) 5 1 0
  C3H Coumaroylquinate 3′-monooxygenase K09754 (1.14.13.36) 3 0 0
  HCT Shikimate hydroxycinnamoyl transferase K13065 (2.3.1.133) 8 0 0
  LAR Leucoanthocyanidin reductase K13081 (1.17.1.3) 1 0 0
  ANR Anthocyanidin reductase K08695 (1.3.1.77) 1 0 0
  CHS Chalcone synthase K00660 (2.3.1.74) 17 1 0
  CHI Chalcone isomerase K01859 (5.5.1.6) 1 0 0
  F3H Flavanone 3-hydroxylase K00475 (1.14.11.9) 2 1 0
  F3’H Flavonoid 3′-monooxygenase K05280 (1.14.13.21) 8 2 0
  DFR Dihydroflavonol 4-reductase K13082 (1.1.1.219) 2 1 0
  LDOX Leucoanthocyanidin dioxygenase K05277(1.14.11.19) 2 2 0
Glycosyl-transferase UGT75C1 Anthocyanidin5-O-glucosyltransferase K12338 (2.4.1.298) 1 0 0
  UF3GT Flavonol 3-O-glucosyltransferase K10757 (2.4.1.91) 3 1 0
O-methyl-transferase CCoAOMT Caffeoyl-CoAO-methyltransferase K00588 (2.1.1.104) 11 0 0
  FOMT Flavonol 3-O-methyltransferase K05279 (2.1.1.76) 13 0 1
Glycosidase GUSB beta-Glucuronidase K01195 (3.2.1.31) 1 0 0
  1. aNo. All, the total number of unigenes investigated.
  2. bNo. Up, the number of unigenes with expression significantly up-regulated in purple -fresh tuber of yam compared with in white one.
  3. cNo. Down, the number of unigenes with expression significantly down-regulated in purple-fresh tuber of yam compared with in white one.