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Table 3 Compounds isolated from Symbiodinium sp. and their biological activities

From: Multifunctional polyketide synthase genes identified by genomic survey of the symbiotic dinoflagellate, Symbiodinium minutum

Molecules Reported m/z Biological activity References
Neosymbioimine 404.154 [54]
Norcarothenoids 630.3557 Growth-inhibitory activity against cancer cells [55]
Symbiodinolide 2859 Activates N-type Ca 2+ channel [56]
Symbioimine 378.1368 Anti-resorptive and Anti-inflammatory [54]
Symbioramide 582 Ca2+-ATPase activator [57]
Symbiospirols 1229 Inhibitory effect on protein kinase C [58]
Zooxanthellatoxin A (ZT-A) 2872 Vasoconstrictive substance [59]
Zooxanthellatoxin B (ZT-B) 2829.9 Vasoconstrictive substance [60]
Zooxanthellamide A 2715.4 [61]
Zooxanthellamide B 2697.4 [62]
Zooxanthellamide C (ZAD-C) 2697.4016 Vasoconstrictive activity [63]
Zooxanthellamide D (ZAD-D) 1072.6 Cytotoxicity against human carcinoma cell lines [45], This study
Zooxanthellamine (ZA) 498.321 [64]
Zooxanthellactone (ZL) 327.2317 [65]