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Table 5 Plasma lipid profile of cows fed grape seed and grape marc meal extract (GSGME) versus control cows at 1 week postpartum

From: Analysis of hepatic transcript profile and plasma lipid profile in early lactating dairy cows fed grape seed and grape marc meal extract

Lipid class Group Total SFA MUFA PUFA
Major lipid classes
 CE, μM Control 3070 ± 663 135 ± 38.8 206 ± 57.0 2730 ± 574.7
  GSGME 3079 ± 794 131 ± 32.4 204 ± 57.7 2743 ± 714.9
 FC, μM Control 411 ± 111 - - -
  GSGME 444 ± 124 - - -
 LPC, μM Control 77.0 ± 20.2 55.6 ± 13.9 9.35 ± 3.25 12.1 ± 4.05
  GSGME 80.7 ± 21.2 57.4 ± 15.0 10.0 ± 2.78 13.3 ± 4.18
 PC, μM Control 996 ± 285 22.8 ± 5.80 279 ± 91.8 598 ± 164
  GSGME 999 ± 293 22.6 ± 5.96 285 ± 87.0 594 ± 181
 SM, μM Control 169 ± 46.1 116 ± 27.5 44.4 ± 12.5 8.8 ± 6.0
  GSGME 170 ± 52.2 116 ± 33.1 44.2 ± 13.4 9.9 ± 6.0
Minor lipid classes
 Cer-d18:1, μM Control 1.28 ± 0.24 1.11 ± 0.23 0.18 ± 0.04 -
  GSGME 1.28 ± 0.27 1.09 ± 0.23 0.19 ± 0.05 -
 HexCer-d18:1, μM Control 0.22 ± 0.05 0.11 ± 0.03 0.11 ± 0.02 -
  GSGME 0.23 ± 0.06 0.12 ± 0.04 0.12 ± 0.03 -
 PI, μM Control 9.65 ± 2.34 0.07 ± 0.01 2.02 ± 0.74 7.57 ± 1.68
  GSGME 9.58 ± 2.89 0.06 ± 0.02 2.08 ± 0.76 7.44 ± 2.18
 PE, μM Control 6.36 ± 1.96 0.19 ± 0.07 0.99 ± 0.30 4.97 ± 1.66
  GSGME 6.36 ± 1.64 0.17 ± 0.07 1.02 ± 0.25 4.95 ± 1.40
 PE-P-16:0, μM Control 6.73 ± 1.27 0.61 ± 0.05 1.01 ± 0.25 5.11 ± 1.06
  GSGME 6.99 ± 1.69 0.59 ± 0.10 1.09 ± 0.29 5.31 ± 1.37
 PE-P-18:0, μM Control 4.09 ± 0.39 0.57 ± 0.06 0.70 ± 0.10 2.82 ± 0.27
  GSGME 3.87 ± 0.52 0.51 ± 0.06 0.67 ± 0.11 2.69 ± 0.38
 PE-P-18:1, μM Control 4.48 ± 0.40 0.59 ± 0.04 0.77 ± 0.14 3.12 ± 0.29
  GSGME 4.41 ± 0.64 0.56 ± 0.08 0.79 ± 0.13 3.06 ± 0.50
  1. Values are means ± SD for n = 14 cows per group