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Table 1 Improvement in the energy-usage efficiency (ΔEUE) calculated as changes in the average ATP-usage per single transport cycle

From: Energetic evolution of cellular Transportomes

Domains of life Bacteria Archaea Primitive eukaryotes Algae and plants Fungi Animals
Bacteria 0      
Archaea −0.03 0     
Primitive eukaryotes −0.16 − 0.14 0    
Algae and plants −0.27 −0.25 − 0.11 0   
Fungi −0.30 −0.27 − 0.13 −0.02 0  
Animals −0.49 −0.46 − 0.32 −0.21 − 0.19 0
  1. The changes (ΔEUE) are calculated as ATP-usagedomain of life in the matrix-row – ATP-usagedomain of life in the matrix-column (see methods)
  2. Negative changes represent the reduction in ATP-usage and improved EUE of transportomes