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Table 1 Phenotypic means (with standard deviations, SD) and genetic parameters (with standard errors, SE) in the combined-population dataset

From: Multi-population GWAS and enrichment analyses reveal novel genomic regions and promising candidate genes underlying bovine milk fatty acid composition

FAs Mean SD \( {\sigma}_a^2 \) SE h2 SE
Saturated FAsa
 C8:0 1.18 0.38 0.008 0.04 0.27 0.03
 C10:0 2.80 0.58 0.07 0.09 0.39 0.04
 C12:0 3.58 0.76 0.09 0.11 0.33 0.04
 C14:0 11.0 1.26 0.21 0.17 0.25 0.03
 C15:0 1.09 0.18 0.004 0.02 0.23 0.04
 C16:0 30.20 3.53 1.80 0.48 0.34 0.04
 C18:0 10.30 1.99 0.52 0.29 0.25 0.04
Unsaturated FAsa
 C14:1 1.19 0.35 0.03 0.05 0.47 0.04
 C16:1 1.49 0.35 0.05 0.07 0.46 0.04
 C18:1c9 21.90 4.37 1.38 0.46 0.27 0.04
 C18:2n6 1.89 1.19 0.01 0.05 0.18 0.03
 C18:3n3 0.48 0.13 0.005 0.01 0.19 0.03
 CLA 0.53 0.23 0.004 0.02 0.21 0.04
Desaturation indexesb
 C14 index 9.71 2.37 1.57 0.37 0.53 0.03
 C16 index 4.70 0.97 0.32 0.19 0.38 0.04
 C18 index 67.80 3.98 3.95 0.73 0.31 0.04
  1. aExpressed in % wt/wt
  2. bDesaturation indexes calculated as unsaturated/(unsaturated + saturated) × 100