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Table 1 Influence of the ration regime, or the maturational status, on morphometric parameters and pituitary gene expression

From: The initiation of puberty in Atlantic salmon brings about large changes in testicular gene expression that are modulated by the energy status

  NRimm NRmat RRimm RRmat
Weight (Kg) 3.84 ± 0.32a 5.42 ± 0.50b 2.28 ± 0.10c 2.99 ± 0.36ac
Length (cm) 65.00 ± 1.31a 70.60 ± 2.32a 58.38 ± 1.21b 63.40 ± 2.16ab
Visceral fat (%) 36.27 ± 1.13 38.10 ± 1.79 24.74 ± 1.54 nd
Muscle fat (%) 16.85 ± 0.57 19.68 ± 0.61 14.18 ± 0.38 nd
K 1.37 ± 0.05a 1.52 ± 0.03b 1.15 ± 0.04bc 1.11 ± 0.02cd
fshb (RU) 11.35 ± 2.01a 20.89 ± 5.31ab 4.10 ± 0.61a 31.06 ± 6.48b
lhb (RU) 22.38 ± 8.74a 39.97 ± 16.68ab 11.42 ± 4.78a 88.71 ± 34.28b
gnrhr4 (RU) 2.35 ± 0.17a 3.39 ± 0.67ab 1.69 ± 0.12a 3.29 ± 0.38b
  1. Statistical significance (N = 6–15; two-way ANOVA followed by Bonferroni’s test, * P < 0.05 at the α level of 0.05) is indicated by different letters. RR Restricted ration, NR Normal ration, imm immature, mat maturing, K condition factor, RU Relative units, nd not determined