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Table 3 Gene Ontology (GO) categories enriched in the set of genes commonly differentially expressed between all three of the spurred taxa in this study versus A. ecalcarata at each developmental stage (DS)

From: Comparative transcriptomics of early petal development across four diverse species of Aquilegia reveal few genes consistently associated with nectar spur development

DS GO category term ontology BH adj. p-value
Genes expressed more highly in A. ecalcarata
1 GO:0020037 heme binding MF 7.3-08
  GO:0005506 iron ion binding MF 9.0e-06
  GO:0016705 oxidoreductase activity, acting on paired donors, with incorporation or reduction of molecular oxygen MF 1.0e-05
  GO:0055114 oxidation-reduction process BP 1.0e-05
  GO:0043531 ADP binding MF 0.0061
  GO:0009765 photosynthesis, light harvesting BP 0.0084
2 GO:0046983 protein dimerization activity MF 0.0027
  GO:0020037 heme binding MF 0.0043
  GO:0016705 oxidoreductase activity, acting on paired donors, with incorporation or reduction of molecular oxygen MF 0.0076
  GO:0055114 oxidation-reduction process BP 0.0085
  GO:0005506 iron ion binding MF 0.0085
3 GO:0020037 heme binding MF 0.0007
  GO:0016705 oxidoreductase activity, acting on paired donors, with incorporation or reduction of molecular oxygen MF 0.0008
  GO:0055114 oxidation-reduction process BP 0.0008
  GO:0005506 iron ion binding MF 0.0010
4 GO:0020037 heme binding MF 0.0100
  GO:0055114 oxidation-reduction process BP 0.0100
5 GO:0055085 transmembrane transport BP 3.7e-05
  GO:0042626 ATPase activity, coupled to transmembrane movement of substances MF 0.0003
  GO:0008152 metabolic process BP 0.0045
  GO:0006810 transport BP 0.0046
Genes expressed more highly in spurred taxa
2 GO:0043531 ADP binding MF 0.0289
4 GO:0043531 ADP binding MF 0.0041
5 GO:0005871 kinesin complex CC 9.4e-11
  GO:0003777 microtubule motor activity MF 9.4e-11
  GO:0007018 microtubule-based movement BP 9.4e-11
  GO:0008017 microtubule binding MF 9.4e-11
  GO:0006260 DNA replication BP 3.1e-10
  GO:0003677 DNA binding MF 1.4e-05
  GO:0000786 nucleosome CC 2.1e-05
  GO:0007076 mitotic chromosome condensation BP 0.0036
  GO:0009765 photosynthesis, light harvesting BP 0.0093
  1. GO enrichment for genes more highly expressed in A. ecalcarata are presented in the upper part of the table while GO enrichment of genes more highly expressed in the spurred species are presented in the lower part of the table. Ontology category abbreviations - BP : biological process, MF : molecular function, CC : cellular component. A GO category was deemed enriched relative to all annotated genes in the Aquilegia reference transcriptome if the p-value adjusted for multiple comparisons using the Benjamini-Hochberg (BH) method was less than 0.05