Skip to main content

Retraction Note: Species-specific chemosensory gene expression in the olfactory organs of the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae

Retraction

The authors would like to retract the article "Species-specific chemosensory gene expression in the olfactory organs of the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae" [1]. After the article was published a concern was raised [2] that the expression of a considerable number of olfaction genes we reported for the maxillary palps of Anopheles gambiae and Anopheles quadriannulatus could be explained by contamination of the maxillary palp sample with antennae. We obtained new gene expression data for both the antennae and maxillary palps for An. gambiae and An. Quadriannulatus. For the antennae, the new data is essentially the same and the conclusions, particularly with respect to the olfaction genes, remain valid. The maxillary palp data however is considerably different from our previous results in both species and is in line with the previous observations of olfaction gene expression in An. gambiae palps [3]. Therefore, we conclude that our previously reported palp data were compromised due to an honest error. We have not been able to determine the cause of the discrepancy, but we cannot rule out tissue cross-contamination. The data will be corrected and a new manuscript will be submitted for peer review. We apologise for any inconvenience caused.

References

  1. 1.

    Hodges TK, Cosme LV, Athrey G, Pathikonda S, Takken W, Slotman MA. Species-specific chemosensory gene expression in the olfactory organs of the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae. BMC Genomics. 2014;15:1089.

    PubMed Central  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Rinker DC, Zhou X, Pitts RJ, Rokas A, Zwiebel LJ. RNAseq in the mosquito maxillary palp: a little antennal RNA goes a long way. BioRxiv 2015, http://dx.doi.org/10.1101/016998

  3. 3.

    Pitts RJ, Rinker DC, Jones PL, Rokas A, Zwiebel LJ. Transcriptome profiling of chemosensory appendages in the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae reveals tissue- and sex-specific signatures of odor coding. BMC Genomics. 2011;12(1):271.

    PubMed Central  CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Michel A Slotman.

Rights and permissions

Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Hodges, T.K., Cosme, L.V., Athrey, G. et al. Retraction Note: Species-specific chemosensory gene expression in the olfactory organs of the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae . BMC Genomics 16, 572 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12864-015-1802-z

Download citation